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As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on January 13, 2022
Securities Act File No. 333-       
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM N-2
REGISTRATION STATEMENT
UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
Pre-Effective Amendment No.
Post-Effective Amendment No.
RUNWAY GROWTH FINANCE CORP.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Charter)
205 N. Michigan Ave., Suite 4200
Chicago, Illinois 60601
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(312) 281-6270
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, including Area Code)
R. David Spreng
c/o Runway Growth Finance Corp.
205 N. Michigan Ave., Suite 4200
Chicago, Illinois 60601
(Name and Address of Agent for Service)
WITH COPIES TO:
Steven B. Boehm, Esq.
Stephani M. Hildebrandt, Esq.
Eversheds Sutherland (US) LLP
700 Sixth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001
Tel: (202) 383-0100
Fax: (202) 637-3593
Approximate date of commencement of proposed public offering: As soon as practicable after the effective date of this Registration Statement.
☐ Check box if the only securities being registered on this Form are being offered pursuant to dividend or interest reinvestment plans.
☒ Check box if any securities being registered on this Form will be offered on a delayed or continuous basis in reliance on Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933 (“Securities Act”), other than securities offered in connection with a dividend reinvestment plan.
☒ Check box if this Form is a registration statement pursuant to General Instruction A.2 or a post-effective amendment thereto.
☐ Check box if this Form is a registration statement pursuant to General Instruction B or a post-effective amendment thereto that will become effective upon filing with the Commission pursuant to Rule 462(e) under the Securities Act.
☐ Check box if this Form is a post-effective amendment to a registration statement filed pursuant to General Instruction B to register additional securities or additional classes of securities pursuant to Rule 413(b) under the Securities Act.
It is proposed that this filing will become effective (check appropriate box):
☐ when declared effective pursuant to Section 8(c) of the Securities Act.
If appropriate, check the following box:
☐ This [post-effective] amendment designates a new effective date for a previously filed [post-effective amendment] [registration statement].
☐ This Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, and the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering is:           .
☐ This Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, and the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering is:           .
☐ This Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, and the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering is:          .
Check each box that appropriately characterizes the Registrant:
☐ Registered Closed-End Fund (closed-end company that is registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (“Investment Company Act”)).
☒ Business Development Company (closed-end company that intends or has elected to be regulated as a business development company under the Investment Company Act).
☐ Interval Fund (Registered Closed-End Fund or a Business Development Company that makes periodic repurchase offers under Rule 23c-3 under the Investment Company Act).

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☒ A.2 Qualified (qualified to register securities pursuant to General Instruction A.2 of this Form).
☐ Well-Known Seasoned Issuer (as defined by Rule 405 under the Securities Act).
☒ Emerging Growth Company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”).
☐ If an Emerging Growth Company, indicate by check mark if the Registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of Securities Act.
☐ New Registrant (registered or regulated under the Investment Company Act for less than 12 calendar months preceding this filing).
CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
Title of Securities Being Registered
Amount Being
Registered
Proposed Maximum
Offering Price Per Unit
Proposed Maximum
Aggregate Offering
Price(1)
Amount of Registration
Fee(1)
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share(2)(3)
Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share(2)
Subscription Rights(2)
Warrants(4)
Debt Securities(5)
Total(6)
$ 250,000,000 $ 23,175
(1)
Estimated pursuant to Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), solely for the purpose of determining the registration fee. The proposed maximum offering price per security will be determined, from time to time, by Runway Growth Finance Corp. (the “Registrant”) in connection with the sale of the securities registered under this Registration Statement.
(2)
Subject to note 6 below, there is being registered hereunder an indeterminate number of shares of common stock, preferred stock, or subscription rights as may be sold, from time to time.
(3)
Includes such indeterminate number of shares of the Registrant’s common stock as may, from time to time, be issued upon conversion or exchange of other securities registered hereunder, to the extent any such securities are, by their terms, convertible or exchangeable for common stock.
(4)
Subject to note 6 below, there is being registered hereunder an indeterminate number of the Registrant’s warrants as may be sold, from time to time, representing rights to purchase common stock, preferred stock or debt securities of the Registrant.
(5)
Subject to note 6 below, there is being registered hereunder an indeterminate number of debt securities of the Registrant as may be sold, from time to time. If any debt securities of the Registrant are issued at an original issue discount, then the offering price shall be in such greater principal amount as shall result in an aggregate price to investors not to exceed $250,000,000.
(6)
In no event will the aggregate offering price of all securities issued from time to time by the Registrant pursuant to this Registration Statement exceed $250,000,000.
The Registrant hereby amends this Registration Statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the Registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this Registration Statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until the Registration Statement shall become effective on such date as the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

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The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.
SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED JANUARY 13, 2022
PROSPECTUS
$250,000,000
RUNWAY GROWTH FINANCE CORP.
Common Stock
Preferred Stock
Warrants
Subscription Rights
Debt Securities
We are a specialty finance company focused on providing senior secured loans to high growth-potential companies in technology, life sciences, healthcare information and services, business services, select consumer services and products and other high-growth industries.
We invest in senior secured term loans and other senior debt obligations and may on occasion invest in second lien loans. We have and continue to expect to acquire warrants and other equity securities from portfolio companies in connection with our investments in loans to these companies. Our investment objective is to maximize our total return to our stockholders primarily through current income on our loan portfolio, and secondarily through capital appreciation on our warrants and other equity positions, by providing our portfolio companies with financing solutions that are more flexible than traditional credit and less dilutive than equity.
We are a closed-end management investment company that has elected to be regulated as a business development company (“BDC”) under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended. We have elected to be treated, and intend to qualify annually, as a regulated investment company (“RIC”) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) for U.S. federal income tax purposes. As a BDC and a RIC, we are required to comply with certain regulatory requirements.
We are externally managed by our investment adviser, Runway Growth Capital, LLC (“Runway Growth Capital”). Runway Growth Capital was formed in 2015 to pursue an investment strategy focused on providing growth financing for dynamic, late and growth stage companies.
We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and are subject to reduced public company reporting requirements and are taking advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act.
We may offer, from time to time, in one or more offerings or series, up to $250,000,000 of our common stock, preferred stock, debt securities, subscription rights to purchase shares of our common stock, and/or warrants representing rights to purchase shares of our common stock, preferred stock or debt securities (collectively, the “securities”). The preferred stock, debt securities, subscription rights and warrants offered hereby may be convertible or exchangeable into shares of our common stock. The securities may be offered at prices and on terms to be described in one or more supplements to this prospectus. You should read this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement carefully before you invest in our securities.
In the event we offer common stock, the offering price per share of our common stock less any underwriting discounts or commissions will generally not be less than the net asset value per share of our common stock at the time we make the offering. However, we may issue shares of our common stock pursuant to this prospectus at a price per share that is less than our net asset value per share (i) in connection with a rights offering to our existing shareholders, (ii) with the prior approval of the majority of our outstanding voting securities or (iii) under such other circumstances as the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) may permit.
The securities may be offered directly to one or more purchasers, including existing stockholders in a rights offering, or through agents designated from time to time by us, or to or through underwriters or dealers. Each prospectus supplement relating to an offering will identify any agents or underwriters involved in the sale of the securities, and will disclose any applicable purchase price, fee, discount or commissions arrangement between us and our agents or underwriters or among our underwriters or the basis upon which such amount may be calculated. See “Plan of Distribution.” We may not sell any of the securities pursuant to this registration statement through agents, underwriters or dealers without delivery of this prospectus and a prospectus supplement describing the method and terms of the offering of such securities.
Our common stock is traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market (“Nasdaq”) under the symbol “RWAY.” On January 12, 2022, the last reported sales price of our common stock on Nasdaq was $13.22 per share. The net asset value per share of our common stock at September 30, 2021 (the last date prior to the date of this prospectus for which we reported net asset value) was $14.60.
Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk, including credit risk, the risk of the use of leverage and the risk of dilution, and is highly speculative. In addition, shares of closed-end investment companies, including BDCs, frequently trade at a discount to their net asset values. If our shares of our common stock trade at a discount to our net asset value, it will likely increase the risk of loss for purchasers in an offering made pursuant to this prospectus or any related prospectus supplement. Before investing in our securities, you should read the discussion of the material risks of investing in our securities, including the risk of leverage and dilution, in “Risk Factors” beginning on page 17 of this prospectus or otherwise incorporated by reference herein and included in, or incorporated by reference into, the applicable prospectus supplement and in any free writing prospectuses we have authorized for use in connection with a specific offering, and under similar headings in the other documents that are incorporated by reference into this prospectus.
This prospectus describes some of the general terms that may apply to an offering of our securities. We will provide the specific terms of these offerings and securities in one or more supplements to this prospectus. We may also authorize one or more free writing prospectuses to be provided to you in connection with these offerings. The accompanying prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus may also add, update, or change information contained in this prospectus. You should carefully read this prospectus, the accompanying prospectus supplement, any related free writing prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference herein, before investing in our securities and keep them for future reference. We also file periodic and current reports, proxy statements and other information about us with the SEC. This information is available free of charge by contacting us at 205 N. Michigan Ave., Suite 4200, Chicago, IL 60601, calling us at (312) 281-6270 or visiting our corporate website located at https://runwaygrowth.com/document-center/. The SEC also maintains a website at http://www.sec.gov that contains this information. Information on our website or the SEC’s website is not incorporated into or a part of this prospectus.
Neither the SEC nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
This prospectus may not be used to consummate sales of securities unless accompanied by a prospectus supplement.
The date of this prospectus is            , 2022.

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ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS
This prospectus is part of a registration statement that we have filed with the SEC, using the “shelf” registration process. Under this shelf registration statement, we may offer, from time to time, in one or more offerings, up to $250,000,000 of our common stock, preferred stock, debt securities, subscription rights to purchase shares of our common stock, and/or warrants representing rights to purchase shares of our common stock, preferred stock or debt securities, on terms to be determined at the time of the offering. See “Plan of Distribution” for more information.
This prospectus provides you with a general description of the securities that we may offer. Each time we use this prospectus to offer securities, we will provide a prospectus supplement that will contain specific information about the terms of that offering. We may also authorize one or more free writing prospectuses to be provided to you that may contain material information relating to these offerings. In a prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus, we may also add, update, or change any of the information contained in this prospectus or in the documents we have incorporated by reference into this prospectus. This prospectus, together with the applicable prospectus supplement, any related free writing prospectus, and the documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement, will include all material information relating to the applicable offering. Before buying any of the securities being offered, please carefully read this prospectus, any accompanying prospectus supplement, any free writing prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement.
This prospectus may contain estimates and information concerning our industry, including market size and growth rates of the markets in which we participate, that are based on industry publications and other third-party reports. This information involves many assumptions and limitations, and you are cautioned not to give undue weight to these estimates. We have not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the data contained in these industry publications and reports. The industry in which we operate is subject to a high degree of uncertainty and risk due to a variety of factors, including those described or referenced in the section titled “Risk Factors,” that could cause results to differ materially from those expressed in these publications and reports.
This prospectus includes summaries of certain provisions contained in some of the documents described in this prospectus, but reference is made to the actual documents for complete information. All of the summaries are qualified in their entirety by the actual documents. Copies of some of the documents referred to herein have been filed or incorporated by reference, or will be filed or incorporated by reference, as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, and you may obtain copies of those documents as described in the section titled “Available Information.”
You should rely only on the information included or incorporated by reference in this prospectus, any prospectus supplement or in any free writing prospectus prepared by us or on our behalf or to which we have referred you. We have not authorized any dealer, salesperson or other person to provide you with different information or to make representations as to matters not stated in this prospectus, in any accompanying prospectus supplement or in any free writing prospectus prepared by us or on our behalf or to which we have referred you. We take no responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you. If anyone provides you with different or inconsistent information, you should not rely on it. This prospectus, any accompanying prospectus supplement and any free writing prospectus prepared by us or on our behalf or to which we have referred you do not constitute an offer to sell, or a solicitation of an offer to buy, any securities by any person in any jurisdiction where it is unlawful for that person to make such an offer or solicitation or to any person in any jurisdiction to whom it is unlawful to make such an offer or solicitation. You should not assume that the information included or incorporated by reference in this prospectus, in any accompanying prospectus supplement or in any such free writing prospectus is accurate as of any date other than their respective dates. Our financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since any such date. To the extent required by law, we will amend or supplement the information contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement to reflect any material changes to such information subsequent to the date of the prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement and prior to the completion of any offering pursuant to the prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement.
 
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PROSPECTUS SUMMARY
This summary highlights some of the information included elsewhere in this prospectus or incorporated by reference. It is not complete and may not contain all of the information that you may want to consider before investing in our securities. You should carefully read the entire prospectus, the applicable prospectus supplement, and any related free writing prospectus, including the risks of investing in our securities discussed in the section titled “Risk Factors” in the applicable prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus, and under similar headings in the other documents that are incorporated by reference into this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement. Before making your investment decision, you should also carefully read the information incorporated by reference into this prospectus, including our financial statements and related notes, and the exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. Throughout this prospectus we refer to Runway Growth Finance Corp. as “we,” “us,” “our” or the “Company,” and to “Runway Growth Capital LLC,” our investment adviser, as “Runway Growth Capital” or “Adviser.”
Runway Growth Finance Corp.
We are a specialty finance company focused on providing senior secured loans to high growth-potential companies in technology, life sciences, healthcare information and services, business services, select consumer services and products and other high-growth industries. We partner with established venture capital sponsors and directly with entrepreneurs seeking funding to accelerate growth. We are managed by Runway Growth Capital, an experienced provider of growth financing for dynamic, late and growth stage companies. Our investment objective is to maximize our total return to our stockholders primarily through current income on our loan portfolio and secondarily through capital appreciation on our warrants and other equity positions, by providing our portfolio companies with financing solutions that are more flexible than traditional credit and less dilutive than equity. As of September 30, 2021, we had an investment portfolio, including U.S. Treasury Bills, of $646.4 million at fair value, and a net asset value of $504 million. We and Runway Growth Capital have a strategic relationship with Oaktree Capital Management, L.P. (“Oaktree”), a leading global alternative investment management firm with expertise in credit strategies and $158 billion of assets under management as of September 30, 2021.
We are structured as an externally managed, non-diversified closed-end management investment company that has elected to be regulated as a business development company (“BDC”) under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”). We have also elected to be treated as a regulated investment company (“RIC”) under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), have qualified, and intend to continue to qualify annually for treatment as a RIC. See “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations.”
Our Adviser
We are externally managed by Runway Growth Capital. Runway Growth Capital was formed in 2015 to pursue an investment strategy focused on providing growth financing for dynamic, late and growth stage companies. David Spreng, our Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President, formed our Adviser following a more than 25-year career in venture capital investing and lending. Runway Growth Capital has 20 employees across four offices in the United States, including six investment professionals focused on origination activities and six focused on underwriting and managing our investment portfolio. Our Adviser consistently demonstrates a credit first culture while maintaining, what we believe, is an admirable reputation among borrowers for industry knowledge, creativity, and understanding of the challenges often faced by late and growth stage companies.
Runway Growth Capital’s senior executive team has on average more than 26 years of experience, and its investment professionals, including origination and underwriting, have on average 23 years of experience. Our Adviser has built its team with investment professionals who have deep industry experience, a track record of successful originations and outcomes across the venture debt and venture and private equity spectrums, along with rich experience in working with and understanding high-growth companies from both an investor’s and an operator’s perspective.
Runway Growth Capital is registered as an investment adviser with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended (together with the rules
 
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and regulations promulgated thereunder, the “Advisers Act”). Subject to the overall supervision of our board of directors (the “Board”), our Adviser manages our day-to-day operations and provides us with investment advisory services pursuant to the second amended and restated investment advisory agreement, dated May 27, 2021 (the “Advisory Agreement”). Pursuant to the Advisory Agreement, we pay Runway Growth Capital a fee for its investment advisory and management services consisting of two components: a base management fee and an incentive fee. The cost of the base management fee and incentive fee are each borne by our stockholders. See “Management and Other Agreements.”
Our Administrator
We have entered into an amended and restated administration agreement (the “Administration Agreement”) with Runway Administrator Services LLC (the “Administrator”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Runway Growth Capital, pursuant to which our Administrator is responsible for furnishing us with office facilities and equipment and provides us with clerical, bookkeeping, recordkeeping and other administrative services at such facilities. For more information, see “Management and Other Agreements.”
Oaktree Strategic Relationship
In December 2016, we and Runway Growth Capital entered into a strategic relationship with Oaktree. Oaktree is a leading global alternative investment management firm with expertise in credit strategies and $158 billion in assets under management as of September 30, 2021. The firm emphasizes an opportunistic, value-oriented and risk-controlled approach to investments in credit, private equity, real assets and listed equities. The firm has over 1,000 employees and offices in 19 cities worldwide. In 2019, Brookfield Asset Management Inc. (“Brookfield”) acquired a majority interest in Oaktree. Together, Brookfield and Oaktree provide investors with one of the most comprehensive offerings of alternative investment products available today.
OCM Growth Holdings, LLC, an affiliate of Oaktree (“OCM Growth”), owned 20,106,750 shares of our common stock as of January 12, 2021. Pursuant to an irrevocable proxy, the shares of our common stock held by OCM Growth must be voted in the same manner that our other stockholders vote their shares. OCM Growth has a right to nominate a member of our Board for election for so long as OCM Growth holds shares of our common stock in an amount equal to, in the aggregate, at least one-third (33.33%) of OCM Growth’s initial $125 million capital commitment, which percentage shall be determined based on the dollar value of the shares of common stock owned by OCM Growth. OCM Growth holds the right to appoint a nominee to the Board, subject to the conditions previously described, regardless of the Company’s size (e.g., assets under management or market capitalization) or the beneficial ownership interests of other stockholders. Further, to the extent OCM Growth’s share ownership falls below one-third of its initial $125 million capital commitment under any circumstances, OCM Growth will no longer have the right to appoint a director nominee and will use reasonable efforts to cause such nominee to resign immediately (subject to his or her existing fiduciary duties). Brian Laibow, Co-Head of North America & Managing Director Opportunities Funds, serves on our Board as OCM Growth’s director nominee and is considered an interested director.
In addition, OCM Growth owns a minority interest in Runway Growth Capital and has the right to appoint a member of Runway Growth Capital’s board of managers as well as a member of Runway Growth Capital’s Investment Committee (the “Investment Committee”). Mr. Laibow serves on Runway Growth Capital’s board of managers and Investment Committee on behalf of OCM Growth. See “Related Party Transactions and Certain Relationships.”
We believe our strategic relationship with Oaktree provides us with access to additional resources and relationships that are incremental to our already expansive network of venture backed companies and venture capital sponsors and additive to our operations.
Our Portfolio
From the commencement of operations in December 2016 through September 30, 2021, we made total commitments of $1.2 billion to fund investments in 50 portfolio companies, invested $1.0 billion in debt and equity investments, excluding U.S. Treasury Bills, and realized 26 investments. Of the $1.2 billion total commitments since inception, 9.3% are related to upsizes from existing borrowers. As of September 30, 2021,
 
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our debt investment portfolio consisted of 34 debt investments in 23 portfolio companies with an aggregate fair value of $531.6 million, while our equity portfolio consisted of 41 warrant positions in 32 portfolio companies, four preferred stock positions in four portfolio companies and four common stock positions in four portfolio companies with an aggregate fair value of $54.7 million.
As of September 30, 2021, 100.0%, or $531.6 million, of our debt investment portfolio at fair value consisted of senior term loans and 100.0% of our debt investments were secured by a first lien on all or a portion of the tangible and intangible assets of the applicable portfolio company. The debt investments in our portfolio are generally not rated by any rating agency. If the individual debt investments in our portfolio were rated, they would generally be rated below “investment grade.” Securities rated below investment grade are often referred to as “high yield” securities and “junk bonds,” and are considered “high risk” and speculative in nature compared to debt instruments that are rated investment grade.
Certain of the loans we make to portfolio companies have financial maintenance covenants, which are intended to protect lenders from adverse changes in a portfolio company’s financial performance. Venture lenders, in general, focus on a limited set of key financial performance metrics, including minimum liquidity, performance to plan, and investor abandonment, in lieu of a full set of financial performance covenants that do not meaningfully assess the risk of companies at the stage of development of companies in which venture lenders typically invest. As such, many of our loans could be considered covenant-lite by traditional lending standards. We have made and may in the future make or obtain significant exposure to “covenant-lite” loans, which generally are loans that do not require a borrower to comply with financial maintenance covenants. Generally, covenant-lite loans permit borrowers more opportunity to negatively impact lenders because their covenants are incurrence-based, which means they are only tested and can only be breached following certain actions of the borrower, rather than by a deterioration in the borrower’s financial condition. Accordingly, because we make and have exposure to covenant-lite loans, we may have less protection from borrower actions and may have a greater risk of loss on such investments as compared to investments in or exposure to loans with financial maintenance covenants.
As of September 30, 2021, we had unfunded commitments of $165 million to our existing portfolio companies, of which $18.8 million is available to be drawn based on agreed upon business and financial milestones. We believe that our available cash balances and availability under our Credit Agreement with KeyBank National Association (as amended, the “Credit Agreement”) provides sufficient funds to cover our unfunded commitments as of September 30, 2021.
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, our debt investment portfolio had a dollar-weighted annualized yield of 15.34% and 14.17%, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, our debt investment portfolio had a dollar-weighted annualized yield of 14.81% and 15.25%, respectively. We calculate the yield on dollar-weighted debt investments for any period measured as (1) total related investment income during the period divided by (2) the daily average of the fair value of debt investments outstanding during the period. As of September 30, 2021, our debt investments had a dollar-weighted average outstanding term of 46 months at origination and a dollar-weighted average remaining term of 33 months, or approximately 2.7 years. As of September 30, 2021, substantially all of our debt investments had an original committed principal amount of between $6 million and $50 million, repayment terms of between 34 months and 60 months and pay cash interest at annual interest rates of between 5.50% and 12.00%.
The following table shows our dollar weighted annualized yield by investment type for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020:
Fair Value(1)
Cost(2)
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
2021
September 30,
2020
September 30,
2021
September 30,
2020
September 30,
2021
September 30,
2020
September 30,
2021
September 30,
2020
Investment type:
Debt investments
15.34% 14.81% 14.17% 15.25% 14.87% 14.51% 13.93% 14.91%
Equity interest
2.41% 3.56% 2.60% 3.67% 3.60% 3.42% 3.28% 3.53%
All investments
13.96% 13.76% 13.06% 14.14% 14.06% 13.46% 13.12% 13.80%
 
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(1)
We calculate the dollar-weighted annualized yield on average investment type for any period as (a) total related investment income during the period divided by (b) the daily average of the fair value of the investment type outstanding during the period. The dollar-weighted annualized yield represents the portfolio yield and will be higher than what investors will realize because it does not reflect our expenses or any sales load paid by investors.
(2)
We calculate the dollar-weighted annualized yield on average investment type for any period as (a) total related investment income during the period divided by (b) the daily average of the investment type outstanding during the period, at amortized cost. The dollar-weighted annualized yield represents the portfolio yield and will be higher than what investors will realize because it does not reflect our expenses or any saled load paid by investors.
Investment Strategy and Approach
Our investment objective is to maximize our total return to our stockholders primarily through current income on our loan portfolio and secondarily through capital appreciation on our warrants and other equity positions. We invest in senior secured term loans and other senior debt obligations and may on occasion invest in second lien loans. We have and continue to expect to acquire warrants and other equity securities from portfolio companies in connection with our investments in loans to these companies.
We focus on lending to late and growth stage companies in technology, life sciences, healthcare information and services, business services, and other high-growth industries.
We are typically the sole lender to our portfolio companies and do not actively syndicate the loans we originate to other lenders nor do we participate in syndications built by other lenders.
We originate our investments through two strategies: Sponsored Growth Lending and Non-Sponsored Growth Lending. In addition to our core strategy of providing Sponsored Growth Lending and Non-Sponsored Growth Lending, we may also opportunistically participate in the secondary markets for investments that are consistent with our broader strategy.
Sponsored Growth Lending.   Our Sponsored Growth Lending strategy generally includes loans to late and growth stage companies that are already backed by established venture capital firms. Our Sponsored Growth Lending strategy typically includes the receipt of warrants and/or other equity from these venture- backed companies.
We believe that our Sponsored Growth Lending strategy is particularly attractive because the loans we make typically have higher investment yields relative to lending to larger, more mature companies and usually include additional equity upside potential. We believe our Sponsored Growth Lending strategy:

provides us access to many high-quality companies backed by top-tier venture capital and private equity investors;

delivers consistent returns through double-digit loan yields; and

often offers us the ability to participate in equity upside of portfolio companies through the acquisition of warrants.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, we shifted our origination efforts to focus primarily on lending transactions with private companies with substantial equity backing from recognized venture sponsors. We generally target companies with annual revenues of at least $15 million.
Non-Sponsored Growth Lending.   Our Non-Sponsored Growth Lending strategy generally includes loans to late and growth stage, private companies that are funded directly by entrepreneurs and founders, or companies that no longer require institutional equity investment (which may selectively include publicly traded companies). We refer to these target borrowers as “non-sponsored growth companies” and we generally target such companies with annual revenue of at least $20 million per year.
Generally, financing available to these non-sponsored companies is predicated on the underlying value of the business’s assets, in an orderly liquidation scenario, and/or the entrepreneur’s own personal financial
 
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resources. These options frequently provide insufficient capital to fund growth plans and do not consider the underlying enterprise value of the business which may be substantial relative to the value of tangible assets deployed in the business. We are frequently the only senior lender to non-sponsored growth companies and evaluate business fundamentals, the commitment of the entrepreneur and secondary sources of repayment in our underwriting approach.
We seek to construct a balanced portfolio with diversification among sponsored and non-sponsored transactions, diversification among sponsors within the Sponsored Growth Lending strategy, diversification among industry, geography, and stage of development, all contributing to a favorable risk adjusted return for the portfolio viewed as a whole. Borrowers tend to use the proceeds of our financings to invest in sales and marketing, expand capacity of the overall business or refinance existing debt.
As a BDC, we are generally limited in our ability to invest in any portfolio company in which Runway Growth Capital or any of its affiliates currently has an investment or to make any co-investments with our investment adviser or its affiliates without an exemptive order from the SEC, subject to certain exceptions. On August 10, 2020, we, Runway Growth Capital, and certain other funds and accounts sponsored or managed by Runway Growth Capital were granted an exemptive order (the “Order”) that permits us greater flexibility than the 1940 Act permits to negotiate the terms of co-investments if our Board determines that it would be advantageous for us to co-invest with other accounts sponsored or managed by Runway Growth Capital or its affiliates in a manner consistent with the our investment objective, positions, policies, strategies and restrictions as well as regulatory requirements and other pertinent factors. We believe that the ability to co-invest with similar investment structures and accounts sponsored or managed by Runway Growth Capital or its affiliates will provide additional investment opportunities and the ability to achieve greater diversification. Under the terms of the Order, a majority of our independent directors are required to make certain determinations in connection with a co-investment transaction, including that (1) the terms of the proposed transaction are reasonable and fair to us and our stockholders and do not involve overreaching of us or our stockholders on the part of any person concerned and (2) the transaction is consistent with the interests of our stockholders and is consistent with our investment objective, positions, policies, strategies and restrictions as well as regulatory requirements and other pertinent factors.
Investment Pipeline
Since our Adviser’s inception, Runway Growth Capital has reviewed more than $22 billion in qualified transactions that are consistent with our investment mandate and has had initial contact with the prospective borrower or its representatives. Throughout 2021, our Adviser reviewed more than $6.8 billion in qualified transactions and currently has transactions with total commitment value of nearly $1.8 billion in various stages of our origination and underwriting process. Our Adviser’s investment team is continuously in various stages of reviewing and evaluating other debt financing opportunities with other prospective borrowers. We cannot assure you that these opportunities will successfully pass our investment selection and diligence process, or that we will be awarded the opportunities by these prospective borrowers. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors — Risks Related to Our Conflicts of Interest” in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Market Opportunity
We believe that the market environment is favorable for us to continue to pursue an investment strategy primarily focused on late stage and high-growth companies in technology, life sciences, healthcare information and services, business services, select consumer services and products and other high-growth industries.
Focus on Innovative Companies Across a Variety of High-Growth Industries
Diversified high growth-potential industries:   We target companies active in industries that support high growth-potential. Our Sponsored Growth Lending strategy is focused on the largest industry sectors where venture capital investors are active, primarily technology, life sciences, healthcare information and services, business services, select consumer services and products and other high-growth industries. These sectors’ continued growth is supported mostly by ongoing innovation and performance improvements in specific products as well as the adoption of innovative technologies and services across virtually all industries in response to competitive pressures. Term debt has been a loan product used by many of the largest, most successful venture-backed companies.
 
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Annual Venture Capital Activity — Deal Volume ($ in billions) and Deal Count
[MISSING IMAGE: tm222341d1-tbl_pitch4c.jpg]
Source:
Pitchbook-NVCA Venture Monitor data, March 2021
Sponsored and Non-Sponsored Lending Represents an Attractive Source of Funding
Sponsored Growth Lending:   An attractive market opportunity exists for a lender that invests in secured loans to late and growth stage companies that have not yet achieved profitability. Sponsored growth lending provides an attractive source of funds for venture-backed companies, their management teams, and their equity capital investors, as it:

is typically less dilutive and complements equity financing from venture capital and private equity funds;

often extends the time period during which a company can operate before seeking additional equity capital or pursuing a sale transaction or other liquidity event; and

generally allows companies to better match cash sources with uses.
Non-Sponsored Growth Lending:   An attractive market opportunity exists for a lender that invests in secured loans to late and growth stage companies that have reached profitability and need long-term growth capital but do not want the challenges that come with selling equity to venture capital or private equity firms. Non-Sponsored Growth Lending often provides all or some of the following benefits to our borrowers:

access to growth capital without the requirement to take on institutional-size investments that may exceed the company’s capital requirements;

tax deductible interest payments;

no significant operational involvement;

no personal guarantees;

very modest dilution, if any; and
 
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no loss of managerial control or forced redemption.
Large and Growing Market for Debt Financing to Venture Capital-Backed Companies
Healthy, stable venture environment:   Approximately 12,000 companies received venture capital financing in 2020, according to the Pitchbook-NVCA Venture Monitor, a quarterly report published jointly by NVCA and Pitchbook on venture capital activity (“Pitchbook-NVCA”), and approximately 27.5% of these transactions were first-round financings. The number of venture capital financings has averaged over 10,000 for the past ten years and, during this period, approximately one-third of these transactions were first time financings. Since 2006, the annual level of venture deal volume has increased to a record of more than $166 billion of total volume in 2020 and is on pace to exceed that amount in 2021. Despite the broader economic challenges of 2020, particularly due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we believe there is evidence of a healthy, stable venture environment where venture capital investment is consistently flowing into high-potential growth companies, and in particular, technology-related companies. The significant increase in investment amounts beginning in 2014 through 2020 is largely the result of growth investments in later-stage companies that are staying private longer. The venture debt lending market, as defined in the Q1 2021 Pitchbook-NVCA Venture Monitor, is estimated at $29.8 billion or roughly 18.3% of total U.S. venture capital deal value. This represents a 24.4% compound annual rate of growth in venture debt deal value since 2011 and an increase, as a percent of venture capital deal value, from 9.2% to 17.9%.
Annual Venture Capital Activity — Deal Volume ($ in billions) and Deal Count
[MISSING IMAGE: tm222341d1-bc_dealvalue4c.jpg]
Source:
Pitchbook-NVCA Venture Monitor data, June 2021.
* As of June 2021.
** As of October 2021.
Growing pool of target companies:   The average time from initial venture capital investment to transaction exit of such investment, either by an initial public offering or merger and acquisition transaction, has lengthened considerably. According to the Pitchbook-NVCA 2016 Yearbook, in 1998 the average number of years from initial venture investment to initial public offering of a U.S. venture capital-backed company was 3.1 years and the average number of years from initial venture investment to merger and acquisition transaction was 4.5 years. These numbers have steadily increased and have averaged 6.6 years and 6.1 years, respectively, from 2017 through 2020. According to the Q1 2021 Pitchbook-NVCA Venture Monitor, the current average time from initial venture investment to exit transaction is now 5.8 years. Exit transactions are a small proportion of companies financed by venture capital each year. As a result, the pool of target companies has grown larger with increased demand.
Highly Fragmented, Underserved Market with High Barriers to Entry
Unfulfilled demand and limited competition:   Many viable venture-backed companies have been unable to obtain sufficient growth financing from traditional lenders, such as commercial banks or asset-based finance
 
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companies, because traditional lenders normally underwrite to tangible asset values and/or operating cash flows. If such firms do provide financing, their loans normally contain financial performance covenants stipulating tangible asset coverages or setting standards of operating performance that do not apply to our target companies. Because sponsored growth lending and non-sponsored growth lending require specialized underwriting and investment structures that fit the distinct characteristics of venture-backed companies and non-sponsored growth companies, more traditional lending approaches largely do not apply to these companies. We also believe that our relationship-based approach to investing helps us to assess and manage investment risks and determine appropriate pricing for our debt investments in portfolio companies.
Competitive Advantages
We believe we are well positioned to address the market for growth lending in a manner that will result in a competitive advantage over other established sponsored growth lenders. We believe our competitive strengths and key differentiators include:
Experienced, Proven Management Team Supported by a Deep Bench of Dedicated Investment Professionals.   The investment professionals of Runway Growth Capital have on average over 23 years of experience as venture capitalists and lenders who have developed a disciplined, repeatable approach to investing and managing investments in high potential growth businesses. We believe that the experience, relationships and disciplined investment and risk management processes of Runway Growth Capital’s investment professionals are a competitive advantage for us.
Our President and Chief Executive Officer, David Spreng, who is also the founder, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Investment Officer of Runway Growth Capital, has a unique combination of experience as a senior executive of a $20 billion asset management firm and over 25 years as a venture capital equity and debt investor. For the past 20 years, Mr. Spreng has been a leader in applying risk management processes to investing in equity and debt of small, fast-growing, private companies. Our Chief Financial Officer, Thomas Raterman, has more than 30 years of corporate finance, investment banking, private equity and financial executive management experience with rapidly growing entrepreneurial companies. Greg Greifeld, Managing Director and Head of Credit at Runway Growth Capital, has over 12 years of lending, venture capital, and investment management experience. Our Managing Director and Head of Origination, Mark Donnelly, also has over 15 years of experience in venture capital and private equity and experience in origination of new investment opportunities. Finally, Rob Lake, Managing Directors and Head of Life Sciences, has over 28 years of life science and venture capital debt experience and in the past decade has deployed over $1.5 billion of debt to life science and health care companies.
Runway Growth Capital has a broad team of professionals focused on every aspect of the investment lifecycle. Runway Growth Capital has origination, underwriting and portfolio monitoring teams that manage and oversee the investment process from identification of investment opportunity through negotiations of final term sheet and investment in a portfolio company followed by active portfolio monitoring. The team members serving investment management and oversight functions have significant operating experience and are not associated with origination functions to avoid any biased views of performance. This structure helps originators focus on identifying investment opportunities while other team members continue building relationships with our portfolio companies.
Provide Capital to Robust, High-Growth Venture-backed Companies.   We believe we are favorably positioned within the venture lending ecosystem, targeting primarily growth focused technology and life sciences companies. We believe the technology and life sciences industries are among the most attractive industries within the venture lending space, primarily representing large, addressable markets with strong and consistent growth. According to the Q1 2021 Pitchbook-NVCA Venture Monitor and Pitchbook-NVCA industry classifications, venture capital deal volume for technology totaled approximately $134.0 billion in 2020, representing an 18.9% Compound Annual Growth Rate (“CAGR”) from 2010 to 2020. Venture capital deal volume for life sciences totaled approximately $36.5 billion in 2020, representing a 16.5% CAGR from 2010 to 2020. We believe companies within these industries can often be characterized as having asset-light business models, attractive recurring revenue streams and strong growth trajectories.
We invest across industries to diversify risk and deliver more stable returns. The investment professionals at Runway Growth Capital have extensive experience investing in the industries on which we focus, including
 
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technology, life sciences, healthcare information and services, business services, select consumer services and products and other high-growth industries. Our ability to invest across diverse industries is supported by our Sponsored Growth Lending strategy and relationships with leading venture firms, who are generally industry experts in the areas in which they invest. We are able to leverage our relationships across equity providers, lenders, and advisers to source deals within the venture industry.
We believe we are able to access opportunities to finance companies that are both backed by venture capital sponsors as well as through direct lead generation and other relationships. While many growth lenders focus solely on sponsored lending, we believe we are differentiated in our approach by offering both sponsored growth lending and non-sponsored growth lending that are secured by the assets of many of the most dynamic, innovative and fastest growing companies in the United States.
Robust Disciplined Investment Process and Credit Analysis.   Runway Growth Capital’s senior investment professionals draw upon their substantial experience, including operating, lending, venture capital and growth investing, to manage the underwriting investment process. Credit analysis, which is a fundamental part of our investment process, is driven by our credit-first philosophy and utilizes the core competencies the team has developed. A strong assessment of underwriting transactions often enables development of structure and pricing terms to win deals and produce strong returns for risks taken versus other lenders that take a more formulaic approach to the business.
We believe the focused and disciplined approach that Runway Growth Capital applies to our lending strategy enables us to deliver strong, consistent returns to our investors. Our debt portfolio is 100% first lien senior secured. Of our $984 million total funded commitments since inception, our cumulative gross loss rate, as a percentage of total funded commitments since inception, has been 1.4% and our net losses, as a percentage of total funded commitments since inception, has been 0.9% (or 0.2%, annualized). On average, our portfolio companies have raised $90 million of equity proceeds relative to our average loan size of $25 million. To achieve this, we do not follow an “index” strategy or a narrowly focused approach, and we do not lend only to those companies that are backed by a specific set of sponsors. We believe that careful selection among many opportunities, within both sponsored and non-sponsored lending opportunities, will yield the optimal portfolio results.
We maintain rigorous underwriting, monitoring and risk management processes across our portfolio, which is underpinned by our two main lending principles, first the ability to price risk and second the ability to measure and track enterprise value. Our investment process differs from many of our competitors in that we have a dedicated credit team, separate from the origination team that manages the underwriting process. Unlike many of our competitors, we underwrite the company and the loan separately and spend significant time analyzing the enterprise value of the company and potential upside from the equity component of the transaction.
Proprietary Risk Analytics Return Optimization.   Over the past 20 years, Runway Growth Capital’s senior investment professionals have iterated upon and built out an extensive due diligence process, which has resulted in the proprietary risk analysis used today. Mr. Spreng has overseen the development of a risk management model that helps to identify, analyze and mitigate risk within individual portfolio companies in the venture capital space. The model utilized by us today examines a consistent set of 30 quantitative and qualitative variables in four main risk areas (market, technology, management and financing) to generate a composite risk ranking for each portfolio company.
Flexible, Opportunity-Specific Pricing and Structure.   Runway Growth Capital’s comprehensive analysis assesses all factors and does not rely on any one criterion above or more than others. For example, we do not seek to provide financing to every early-stage company backed by top-tier venture firms, but only to those companies that, in our opinion, possess the most favorable risk and return characteristics for our investments. We seek to understand the attractiveness of each opportunity on its own merits. The quality of the venture investors involved is important, but it is only one component of our decision-making process. Within our Non-Sponsored Growth Lending strategy, we expect that most companies will have positive earnings before interest expense, income tax expenses, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) but have been unable to access sufficient capital to fund current growth opportunities. We believe that gaining a comprehensive picture of an opportunity based on Runway Growth Capital’s defined assessment factors allows us to be more flexible, to identify price and structure inefficiencies in the debt market, better support our portfolio companies, and to
 
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maximize loan and warrant returns, while minimizing losses. In our Sponsored and Non-Sponsored Growth Lending strategies, we target our loan to be less than 25% of enterprise value at inception.
Strong Reputation and Deep Relationships.   Runway Growth Capital’s senior investment professionals enjoy reputations as innovative thought leaders, ingrained in the fabric of the venture community. Runway Growth Capital’s senior investment professionals have been active in venture capital investing, private lending, growth equity investing, corporate finance, and investment banking for more than two decades and are viewed as trustworthy partners to both management and venture investors as well as entrepreneurs. Our investment professionals’ experience has often encouraged private companies prefer to work with a lender that can manage challenges and deviations from plans that often arise in developing companies.
Runway Growth Capital’s senior investment professionals also have established a network of relationships over two decades with various venture capital firms, venture banks, institutional investors, entrepreneurs and other venture capital market participants, which has allowed Runway Growth Capital to develop a variety of channels for investment originations and referrals. These investment professionals maintain ongoing dialogue with a number of venture capital firms across the country, leverage a suite of technologies to identify potential borrowers and often seek to be the first contact for new investment opportunities.
In addition, our strategic relationship with Oaktree provides us with access to additional resources and relationships that are incremental to our already broad network of venture backed companies and venture capital sponsors.
Use of Leverage
To further implement our investment strategy, we use leverage to provide additional capital for loan investments. The amount of leverage that we employ will depend on Runway Growth Capital’s and our Board’s assessment of market and other factors at the time of any proposed borrowing. We are generally permitted, under specified conditions, to issue multiple classes of indebtedness and one class of stock senior to our common stock if our asset coverage, as defined in the 1940 Act, is at least equal to 200% (or 150% if certain conditions are met) immediately after each such issuance. We are permitted to increase our asset coverage ratio to at least 150% if stockholders representing at least a majority of the votes cast, at an annual or special meeting at which quorum is met, approve a proposal to do so. If we receive such stockholder approval, we would be permitted to increase our leverage capacity on the first day after such approval. Alternatively, we may increase the maximum amount of leverage we may incur to an asset coverage ratio of 150% if the “required majority” of our independent directors as defined in Section 57(o) of the 1940 Act approve such increase, with such approval becoming effective after one year. The Board approved a proposal that permits us to reduce our asset coverage ratio to 150% on October 28, 2021 and we intend to seek corresponding approval from our stockholders. Therefore, our asset coverage ratio will be reduced to 150% on the earlier of October 28, 2022 or immediately upon receiving shareholder approval. In addition, we will be required to make certain disclosures on our website and in SEC filings regarding, among other things, the receipt of approval to increase our leverage, our leverage capacity and usage and risks related to leverage. In no event do we intend to use leverage to an extent that would cause us to fail to meet the asset coverage ratio required of BDCs under the 1940 Act.
Credit Agreement
May 31, 2019, we entered into the Credit Agreement, as subsequently amended, by and among us, as borrower, KeyBank National Association, as administrative agent, syndication agent, and a lender, CIBC Bank USA (“CIBC”), as documentation agent and a lender, MUFG Union Bank, N.A., as co-documentation agent and lender and U.S. Bank National Association, as paying agent. The Credit Agreement provides for borrowings up to a maximum aggregate principal amount of $215 million, subject to availability under a borrowing base that is determined by the number and value of eligible loan investments in the collateral, applicable advance rates and concentration limits, and certain of our cash and cash equivalent holdings. The Credit Agreement has an accordion feature that allows us to increase the aggregate commitments up to $350 million, subject to new or existing lenders agreeing to participate in the increase and other customary conditions. Borrowings under the Credit Agreement bear interest on a per annum basis equal to a three-month adjusted LIBOR rate (with a 0.50% LIBOR floor), plus a margin rate of 3.00%. If certain eurodollar disruption events occur, then borrowings under the Credit Agreement will bear interest on a per annum basis
 
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equal to (i) a base rate instead of LIBOR that is set at the higher of (x) the federal funds rate plus 0.50% and (y) the prime rate, plus (ii) the applicable margin rate discussed above. Interest is payable quarterly in arrears. We also pay unused commitment fees of 0.50% per annum on the unused lender commitments under the Credit Agreement, as well as a minimum earnings fee of 3.00% that will be payable annually in arrears, starting on May 31, 2022, on the average unused commitments below 60% of the aggregate commitments during the preceding 12-month period. The Company also pays a supplemental fee on the 15th calendar day of each month beginning August 16, 2021 and ending July 15, 2022 in an aggregate amount equal to $66,367 pursuant to the Fee Letter, as subsequently amended. The availability period under the Credit Agreement expires on May 31, 2022 and is followed by a two-year amortization period. The stated maturity date under the Credit Agreement is May 31, 2024. The Credit Agreement is secured by a perfected first priority security interest in substantially all of our assets and portfolio investments.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we drew down $100,000,000 on the Credit Agreement and repaid $119,000,000, of which $80,000,000 remains outstanding at September 30, 2021. At September 30, 2021, interest was accruing at a rate of 3.50%. During the year ended December 31, 2020, we drew down $200,500,000 on the Credit Agreement and repaid $162,500,000 of which $99,000,000 remained outstanding at December 31, 2020. At December 31, 2020, interest was accruing at a rate of 3.22%.
4.25% Series 2021A Senior Notes
On December 10, 2021, we agreed to issue $70 million in aggregate principal amount of 4.25% Series 2021A Senior Notes due 2026 (the “2026 Senior Notes”) in a private placement pursuant to a Master Note Purchase Agreement between the Company and the purchasers thereto, dated December 10, 2021. The Notes will be issued in two closings. The initial issuance of $20 million 2026 Senior Notes closed on December 10, 2021. The issuance of the remaining $50 million of 2026 Senior Notes is expected to occur on or about February 10, 2022. The 2026 Senior Notes have been offered only to institutional accredited investors (as defined in Regulation D under the Securities Act in reliance on Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act). The 2026 Senior Notes bear an interest rate of 4.25% per year and are due on December 10, 2026, unless redeemed, purchased or prepaid prior to such date by the Company or its affiliates in accordance with their terms. Interest on the 2026 Senior Notes will be due semiannually. The interest rate is subject to a 1.00% increase in the event that, subject to certain exceptions, the 2026 Senior Notes cease to have an investment grade rating or receive an investment grade rating below the Investment Grade (as defined in the Master Note Purchase Agreement). In addition, the Company is obligated to offer to repay the 2026 Senior Notes at par if certain change in control events occur. The 2026 Senior Notes are general unsecured obligations of the Company that rank pari passu with all outstanding and future unsecured unsubordinated indebtedness issued by the Company.
As of September 30, 2021, our asset coverage was 461%. We target a debt-to-equity leverage range of between 0.8x to 1.1x, which is the equivalent to an asset coverage of approximately 225% to 191%.
 
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FEES AND EXPENSES
The following table is intended to assist you in understanding the costs and expenses that you will bear directly or indirectly. We caution you that some of the percentages indicated in the table below are estimates and may vary. The expenses shown in the table under “Annual expenses” are based on estimated amounts for our current fiscal year. The following table should not be considered a representation of our future expenses. Actual expenses may be greater or less than shown. Except where the context suggests otherwise, whenever this prospectus contains a reference to fees or expenses paid by “us” or “the Company” or that “we” will pay fees or expenses, you will indirectly bear these fees or expenses as an investor in the Company.
Shareholder transaction expenses:
Sales load (as a percentage of offering price)
(1)
Offering expenses (as a percentage of offering price)
(2)
Dividend reinvestment plan expenses
(3)
Total shareholder transaction expenses (as a percentage of offering price)
Annual expenses (as a percentage of net assets attributable to common stock):
Management Fee payable under the Investment Advisory Agreement
1.47%(4)
Incentive Fee payable under the Investment Advisory Agreement
1.43%(5)
Interest payments on borrowed funds
0.51%(6)
Other expenses
1.05%(7)(8)
Total annual expenses
4.46%(8)
(1)
In the event that the securities are sold to or through underwriters, a related prospectus supplement will disclose the applicable sales load (underwriting discount or commission).
(2)
A related prospectus supplement will disclose the estimated amount of offering expenses, the offering price and the estimated amount of offering expenses borne by the Company as a percentage of the offering price.
(3)
The expenses of the dividend reinvestment plan are included in “other expenses” in the table above. For additional information, see “Dividend Reinvestment Plan.”
(4)
Assumes the base management fee will be an amount equal to 0.40% (1.60% annualized) of our average daily Gross Assets during the most recently completed calendar quarter. See “Management and Other Agreements.”
(5)
The incentive fee, which provides Runway Growth Capital with a share of the income that Runway Growth Capital generates for us, consists of an Investment Income Fee and a Capital Gains Fee.
Under the Income Incentive Fee, we pay Runway Growth Capital each quarter an incentive fee with respect to our Pre-Incentive Fee net investment income. The Income Incentive Fee is calculated and payable quarterly in arrears based on the Pre-Incentive Fee net investment income for the immediately preceding fiscal quarter. Payments based on Pre-Incentive Fee net investment income will be based on the Pre-Incentive Fee net investment income earned for the quarter. Pre-Incentive Fee net investment income, expressed as a rate of return on the value of our net assets (defined as total assets less liabilities) at the end of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter, will be compared to a “hurdle rate” of 2.0% per quarter (8.0% annualized). We will pay Runway Growth Capital an Income Incentive Fee with respect to the our Pre-Incentive Fee net investment income in each calendar quarter as follows: (1) no Income Incentive Fee in any calendar quarter in which our Pre-Incentive Fee net investment income does not exceed the hurdle rate of 2.0%; (2) 80% of our Pre-Incentive Fee net investment income with respect to that portion of such Pre-Incentive Fee net investment income, if any, that exceeds the hurdle rate but is less than 2.667% in any calendar quarter (10.668% annualized) (the portion of our Pre-Incentive Fee net investment income that exceeds the hurdle but is less than 2.667% is referred to as the “catch-up”; the “catch-up” is meant to provide Runway Growth Capital with 20.0% of our Pre-Incentive Fee net investment income as if a hurdle did not apply if our Pre-Incentive Fee net investment income exceeds 2.667% in any calendar quarter (10.668% annualized)); and (3) 20.0% of the amount of our Pre-Incentive Fee net investment income, if any, that exceeds 2.667% in any calendar quarter (10.668% annualized) payable to Runway
 
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Growth Capital (once the hurdle is reached and the catch-up is achieved, 20.0% of all Pre-Incentive Fee net investment income thereafter is allocated to Runway Growth Capital).
Under the Capital Gains Fee, we will pay Runway Growth Capital, as of the end of each calendar year, 20.0% of our aggregate cumulative realized capital gains, if any, from the date of our election to be regulated as a BDC through the end of that calendar year, computed net of our aggregate cumulative realized capital losses and aggregate cumulative unrealized capital depreciation through the end of such year, less the aggregate amount of any previously paid Capital Gains Fee. See “Management and Other Agreements.”
(6)
Interest payments on borrowed funds represents an estimate of our annualized interest expense based on borrowings under the Credit Agreement and the 2026 Senior Notes. The assumed weighted average interest rate on our total debt outstanding was 3.85%. Assumes we had $80 million outstanding under the Credit Agreement and $70 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2026 Notes outstanding. We may borrow additional funds from time to time to make investments to the extent we determine that the economic situation is conducive to doing so. We may also issue additional debt securities or preferred stock, subject to our compliance with applicable requirements under the 1940 Act.
(7)
Includes our overhead expenses, such as payments under the Administration Agreement for certain expenses incurred by the Adviser. See “Management and Other Agreements.” We based these expenses on estimated amounts for the current fiscal year.
(8)
Estimated.
Example
The following example demonstrates the projected dollar amount of total cumulative expenses over various periods with respect to a hypothetical investment in our common stock. In calculating the following expense amounts, we have assumed we would have no additional leverage and that our annual operating expenses would remain at the levels set forth in the table above. Transaction expenses are included in the following example.
1 year
3 years
5 years
10 years
You would pay the following expenses on a $1,000 investment, assuming a
5% annual return from realized capital gains
$ 47 $ 141 $ 236 $ 475
The foregoing table is to assist you in understanding the various costs and expenses that an investor in our common stock will bear directly or indirectly. While the example assumes, as required by the SEC, a 5% annual return, our performance will vary and may result in a return greater or less than 5%. Because the Income Incentive Fee under the Advisory Agreement is unlikely to be significant assuming a 5% annual return, the example assumes that the 5% annual return will be generated entirely through the realization of capital gains on our assets and, as a result, will trigger the payment of the Capital Gains Fee under the Advisory Agreement. The Income Incentive Fee under the Advisory Agreement, which, assuming a 5% annual return, would either not be payable or have an immaterial impact on the expense amounts shown above, is not included in the example. If we achieve sufficient returns on our investments, including through the realization of capital gains, to trigger an Income Incentive Fee of a material amount, our expenses, and returns to our investors, would be higher. In addition, while the example assumes reinvestment of all dividends and distributions at net asset value, if our Board authorizes and we declare a cash dividend, participants in our dividend reinvestment plan who have not otherwise elected to receive cash will receive a number of shares of our common stock, determined by dividing the total dollar amount of the dividend payable to a participant by the market price per share of our common stock at the close of trading on the valuation date for the dividend. See “Dividend Reinvestment Plan” for additional information regarding our dividend reinvestment plan.
This example and the expenses in the table above should not be considered a representation of our future expenses, and actual expenses (including the cost of debt, if any, and other expenses) may be greater or less than those shown.
 
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FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS
Information regarding our financial highlights is incorporated by reference herein from our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
 
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SELECTED FINANCIAL INFORMATION AND OTHER DATA
The information in “Item 6. Selected Financial Data” and “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data,” including the financial notes related thereto, of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, and in “Item 1. Statements of Assets and Liabilities” and “Item 1. Statements of Operations,” including the financial notes related thereto, of our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are incorporated by reference herein.
 
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RISK FACTORS
Investing in our securities involves a number of significant risks. Before you invest in our securities, you should be aware of and carefully consider the various risks associated with the investment, including those described in this prospectus, any accompanying prospectus supplement, any related free writing prospectus we may authorize in connection with a specific offering, “Part I, Item IA. Risk Factors” in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, which is incorporated by reference herein in their entirety, “Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, which is incorporated by reference herein in their entirety, and any document incorporated by reference herein. You should carefully consider these risk factors, together with all of the other information included in this prospectus, any accompanying prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus we may authorize in connection with a specific offering, before you decide whether to make an investment in our securities. The risks set out and described in these documents are not the only risks we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or not presently deemed material by us may also impair our business, operations and performance. If any of the following events occur, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. In such case, you may lose all or part of your investment. Please also read carefully the section titled “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”
 
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SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This prospectus, any accompanying prospectus supplement, any related free writing prospectus and any documents we may incorporate by reference herein contain forward-looking statements that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. Such statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors and undue reliance should not be placed thereon. These forward-looking statements are not historical facts, but rather are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about the Company, our current and prospective portfolio investments, our industry, our beliefs and opinions, and our assumptions. Words such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “will,” “may,” “continue,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “would,” “could,” “should,” “targets,” “projects,” “outlook,” “potential,” “predicts” and variations of these words and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, some of which are beyond our control and difficult to predict and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or forecasted in the forward-looking statements, including without limitation:

changes in political, economic or industry conditions, the interest rate environment or conditions affecting the financial and capital markets, including changes from the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic;

our ability to continue to effectively manage our business due to the disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic;

an economic downturn could impair our portfolio companies’ ability to continue to operate, which could lead to the loss of some or all of our investments in such portfolio companies;

such an economic downturn could disproportionately impact the companies that we intend to target for investment, potentially causing us to experience a decrease in investment opportunities and diminished demand for capital from these companies;

a contraction of available credit and/or an inability to access the equity markets could impair our lending and investment activities, including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic;

interest rate volatility could adversely affect our results, particularly to the extent that we use leverage as part of our investment strategy;

our future operating results, including our ability to achieve objectives as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic;

our business prospects and the prospects of our portfolio companies, including the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic thereon;

our contractual arrangements and relationships with third parties;

the ability of our portfolio companies to achieve their objectives, including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic;

competition with other entities and our affiliates for investment opportunities;

the speculative and illiquid nature of our investments;

the use of borrowed money and enhanced leverage to finance a portion of our investments;

the adequacy of our financing sources and working capital;

the loss of key personnel and members of our management team;

the timing of cash flows, if any, from the operations of our portfolio companies, and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic thereon;

the ability of our external investment adviser, Runway Growth Capital, to locate suitable investments for us and to monitor and administer our investments, and the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic thereon;

the ability of Runway Growth Capital to attract and retain highly talented professionals;
 
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our ability to qualify and maintain our qualification as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code, and as a BDC;

the occurrence of a disaster, such as a cyber-attack against us or against a third party that has access to our data or networks, a natural catastrophe, an industrial accident, failure of our disaster-recovery systems, or consequential employee error;

the effect of legal, tax and regulatory changes; and

other risks, uncertainties and other factors previously identified elsewhere in this prospectus.
Although we believe that the assumptions on which these forward-looking statements are based are reasonable, any of those assumptions could prove to be inaccurate, and as a result, the forward-looking statements based on those assumptions also could be inaccurate. In light of these and other uncertainties, the inclusion of a projection or forward-looking statement in this prospectus, the prospectus supplement, any documents we may incorporate by reference herein, and any related free writing prospectus should not be regarded as a representation by us that our plans and objectives will be achieved. These forward-looking statements apply only as of the dates of this prospectus, the prospectus supplement, any documents we may incorporate by reference herein, and any related free writing prospectus. Moreover, we assume no duty and do not undertake to update the forward-looking statements. Because we are an investment company, the forward-looking statements and projections contained in this prospectus are excluded from the safe harbor protection provided by Section 21E of the Securities Act of 1934 Act, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).
 
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USE OF PROCEEDS
Unless otherwise specified in any applicable prospectus supplement or in any free writing prospectus we have authorized for use in connection with a specific offering, we intend to use the net proceeds from the sale of our securities pursuant to this prospectus for general corporate purposes, which may include, among other things, investing in accordance with our investment objective and strategy, repayment of any outstanding indebtedness, paying operating expenses and other general corporate purposes.
We anticipate that substantially all of the net proceeds of an offering of securities pursuant to this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus will be used for the above purposes within three months of any such offering, depending on the availability of appropriate investment opportunities consistent with our investment objective, but no longer than within six months of any such offerings.
Pending such uses and investments, we intend to invest any net proceeds from an offering primarily in cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities and other high-quality investment grade investments that mature in one year or less from the date of investment. The income we earn on such temporary investments generally will be less than what we would expect to receive from investments in the types of investments we intend to target. Our ability to achieve our investment objective may be limited to the extent that the net proceeds from an offering, pending full investment, are held in interest-bearing deposits or other short-term instruments. The prospectus supplement relating to an offering will more fully identify the use of proceeds from any offering.
 
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PRICE RANGE OF COMMON STOCK AND DISTRIBUTIONS
Our common stock began trading on the Nasdaq Global Select Market (“Nasdaq”) on October 21, 2021 under the symbol “RWAY” in connection with our initial public offering of shares of our common stock. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” Shares of BDCs may trade at a market price that is less than the value of the net assets attributable to those shares. The possibility that our shares of common stock will trade at a discount from net asset value (“NAV”) per share or at premiums that are unsustainable over the long term are separate and distinct from the risk that our NAV per share will decrease. It is not possible to predict whether our common stock will trade at, above, or below NAV per share. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors — Risks Related to an Investment in Our Common Stock” in our most recent annual report on Form 10-K. On January 12, 2022, the last reported closing sales price of our common stock on the Nasdaq was $13.22 per share, which represented a discount of approximately 9.5% to our NAV per share of $14.60 as of September 30, 2021.
Prior to our initial public offering, the shares of our common stock were offered and sold in transactions exempt from registration under the Securities Act. As such, there was no public market for shares of our common stock during the year ended December 31, 2020.
The following table sets forth the most recent fiscal quarter’s NAV per share of our common stock, the high and low closing sales prices of our common stock, such sales prices as a percentage of NAV per share and quarterly distribution per share.
Net Asset
Value(1)
Price Range
High
Sales Price
Premium
(Discount)
to Net Asset
Value(2)
Low
Sales Price
Premium
(Discount)
to Net Asset
Value(2)
Cash
Dividend
Per Share(3)
Class and Period
High
Low
Year ending December 31, 2021
Fourth Quarter(4)
$    *     $ 13.92 $ 12.04
*
*
$ 0.25
*
Not determined at time of filing.
(1)
NAV per share is generally determined as of the last day in the relevant quarter and therefore may not reflect the NAV per share on the date of the high and low sales prices.
(2)
Calculated as the respective high or low closing sales price less net asset value, divided by net asset value (in each case, as of the applicable quarter).
(3)
Represents the dividend or distribution declared in the relevant quarter.
(4)
Shares of our common stock began trading on Nasdaq on October 21, 2021 under the trading symbol “RWAY.”
Distribution Policy
To maintain our tax treatment as a RIC, we must distribute (or be treated as distributing) in each taxable year dividends of an amount equal to at least 90% of our investment company taxable income (which includes, among other items, dividends, interest, the excess of any net short-term capital gains over net long-term capital losses, as well as other taxable income, excluding any net capital gains, and reduced by deductible expenses) and 90% of our net tax-exempt income for that taxable year. As a RIC, we generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on our investment company taxable income and net capital gains that we timely distribute to stockholders. In addition, to avoid the imposition of a nondeductible 4% U.S. federal excise tax, we must distribute (or be treated as distributing) in each calendar year an amount at least equal to the sum of:

98% of our net ordinary income recognized during a calendar year;

98.2% of our capital gain net income recognized for the twelve-month period ending on October 31 of such calendar year; and

100% of any ordinary income and capital gain net income recognized in preceding years, but was not distributed during such years, and on which we paid no U.S. federal income tax.
 
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We have previously incurred, and can be expected to incur in the future, such excise tax on a portion of our income and gains. While we intend to distribute income and capital gains to minimize exposure to the 4% U.S. federal excise tax, we may not be able to, or may not choose to, distribute amounts sufficient to avoid the imposition of the tax entirely. In that event, we will be liable for the tax only on the amount by which we do not meet the foregoing distribution requirement. See “Risk Factors — Risks Related to RIC Tax Treatment — We will be subject to U.S. federal corporate-level income tax if we are unable to qualify as a RIC” in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Dividends Declared
The following table reflects the distributions declared on shares of our common stock during the year ended December 31, 2021:
December 31, 2021
Date Declared
Record Date 
 Payment Date
  Distribution
per Share
March 4, 2021
March 5, 2021 March 19, 2021
$0.37
April 29, 2021
April 30, 2021 May 13, 2021
$0.37
July 19, 2021 . 
July 20, 2021 August 12, 2021
$0.34
October 28, 2021.
November 8, 2021
November 22, 2021
$0.25
The following table reflects the distributions declared on shares of our common stock during the year ended December 31, 2020:
December 31, 2020
Date Declared
Record Date
Payment Date
Distribution
per Share
March 5, 2020
March 6, 2020 March 20, 2020
$0.40
May 7, 2020
May 8, 2020 May 21, 2020
$0.35
August 5, 2020
August 6, 2020
August 20, 2020
$0.36
October 1, 2020
October 1, 2020
November 12, 2020
$0.38
The following table reflects the distributions declared on shares of our common stock during the year ended December 31, 2019:
December 31, 2019
Date Declared
Record Date
Payment Date
Distribution
per Share
March 22, 2019
March 22, 2019 March 26, 2019
$0.40
May 2, 2019
May 7, 2019 May 21, 2019
$0.45
May 2, 2019
May 31, 2019 July 16, 2019
$0.46
July 30, 2019
August 8, 2019 August 26, 2019
$0.45
September 27, 2019
September 30, 2019
November 12, 2019
$0.04
December 9, 2019
December 10, 2019
December 23, 2019
$0.40
 
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The following table reflects the distributions declared on shares of our common stock during the year ended December 31, 2018:
December 31, 2018
Date Declared
Record Date
Payment Date
Distribution
per Share
May 3, 2018
May 15, 2018 May 31, 2018
$0.15
July 26, 2018
August 15, 2018
August 31, 2018
$0.25
November 1, 2018
October 31, 2018
November 15, 2018
$0.35
Dividend Reinvestment
We have adopted an “opt out” dividend reinvestment plan for our stockholders. See “Dividend Reinvestment Plan.”
 
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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The information contained in “Part II, Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and in “Part I, Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are incorporated by reference herein and should be read in conjunction with, and are qualified by reference to, our financial statements and notes thereto included in such Annual Report on Form 10-K and such Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as applicable.
 
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BUSINESS
The information contained in “Part I, Item 1. Business,” “Part I, Item 2. Properties” and “Part I, Item 3. Legal Proceedings” of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, and in “Part II, Item 1. Legal Proceedings” of our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are incorporated herein by reference.
 
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SENIOR SECURITIES
Information about our senior securities is shown in the following table as of the unaudited fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2021 and the end of the fiscal years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018. No senior securities were outstanding for the fiscal years ending December 31, 2017, 2016 or 2015. The information as of September 30, 2021 has been derived from our unaudited financial statements for such period. The information as of December 31, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016 and 2015 has been derived from our audited financial statements for such period, which have been audited by RSM US LLP, our independent registered public accounting firm as of such date. This information about our senior securities should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Class and Period
Total Amount
Outstanding
Exclusive of
Treasury
Securities(1)
($ in thousands)
Asset Coverage
per Unit(2)
Involuntary
Liquidating
Preference
per Unit(3)
Average
Market Value
per Unit(4)
2026 Senior Notes(5)
September 30, 2021 (unaudited) .
N/A
December 31, 2020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
N/A
December 31, 2019 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
N/A
December 31, 2018
N/A
Credit Agreement
September 30, 2021 (unaudited) .
$ 80,000,000 $ 7,303 N/A
December 31, 2020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
$ 99,000,000 $ 5,710 N/A
December 31, 2019 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
$ 61,000,000 $ 7,169 N/A
December 31, 2018
$ $ N/A
Credit Facilities(6)
September 30, 2021 (unaudited) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
$ $ N/A
December 31, 2020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
$ $ N/A
December 31, 2019 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
$ $ N/A
December 31, 2018
$ 59,500,000 $ 3,811 N/A
Total
September 30, 2021 (unaudited) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
$ 80,000,000 $ 7,303 N/A
December 31, 2020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
$ 99,000,000 $ 5,710 N/A
December 31, 2019 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
$ 61,000,000 $ 7,169 N/A
December 31, 2018 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
$ 59,500,000 $ 3,811 N/A
(1)
Total amount of each class of senior securities outstanding at the end of the period presented.
(2)
Asset coverage per unit is the ratio of the carrying value of total assets, less all liabilities excluding indebtedness represented by senior securities in this table to the aggregate amount of senior securities representing indebtedness. Asset coverage per unit is express in terms of dollar amounts per $1,000 of indebtedness and is calculated on a consolidated basis.
(3)
The amount to which such class of senior security would be entitled upon the Company’s involuntary liquidation in preference to any security junior to it. The “—” in this column indicates information that the SEC expressly does not require to be disclosed for certain types of senior securities.
(4)
Not applicable because the senior securities are not registered for public trading.
(5)
On December 10, 2021, the Company agreed to issue $70 million in aggregate principal amount of the
 
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2026 Senior Notes in a private placement pursuant to a Master Note Purchase Agreement between the Company and the purchasers thereto. The 2026 Senior Notes will be issued in two closings. The initial issuance of $20 million 2026 Senior Notes closed on December 10, 2021. The issuance of the remaining $50 million of 2026 Senior Notes is expected to occur on or about February 10, 2022
(6)
On June 22, 2018, the Company entered into the Credit Facilities with CIBC. On May 31, 2019, in conjunction with securing and entering into the Credit Agreement, the Company terminated the Credit Facilities.
 
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PORTFOLIO COMPANIES
The following table sets forth certain information regarding each of the portfolio companies in which we had a debt or equity investment as of September 30, 2021. We may receive rights to observe the meetings of our portfolio companies’ board of directors. Other than these investments, our only relationships with our portfolio companies are the managerial assistance we may separately provide to our portfolio companies, which services would be ancillary to our investments. As of September 30, 2021, with the exception of Mojix, Inc., we did not “control” and are not an “affiliate” of any of our portfolio companies, each as defined in the 1940 Act. In general, under the 1940 Act, we would “control” a portfolio company if we owned 25% or more of its voting securities and would be an “affiliate” of a portfolio company if we owned five percent or more of its voting securities.
Portfolio Company
Industry
Type of Investment
Interest Rate/Description
Maturity
Principal
Percentage of
Class Held
on a Fully
Diluted
Basis
Number of
Shares
Cost
Fair
Value
3DNA Corp. (dba NationBuilder)
520 S. Grand Ave.,
2nd Floor
Los Angeles, CA 90071
Software
Warrant Series C-1 Preferred Stock; strike price $1.46 12/28/2028 n/a n/a 273,164 104 3
AllClear ID, Inc.
816 Congress Ave.,
Suite 1800
Austin,TX 78701
Diversified Consumer Services
Warrant Common Stock; strike price $0.01 9/1/2027 n/a n/a 870,514 1,750 1,382
Allurion Technologies, Inc.
11 Huron Dr.
Natick, MA 01760
Medical
Devices &
Equipment
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+9.05%, 9.50% floor, 3.00% ETP
3/30/2025 15,000 n/a n/a 14,892 14,892
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+9.05%, 9.50% floor, 3.00% ETP 3/30/2025 5,000 n/a n/a 4,867 4,867
Warrant
Series C Preferred Stock; strike
price $6.58
3/30/2031 n/a n/a 106,383 155 434
Aria Systems, Inc.
100 Pine Street,
Suite 2450
San Francisco, CA 94111
Software
Warrant
Series G Preferred Stock; strike
price $0.86
6/29/2028 n/a n/a 2,387,705 1,048 3,049
Preferred Stock Series G Preferred Stock n/a n/a 0.12% 289,419 250 370
Aspen Group Inc.
276 Fifth Ave.,
Suite 306A
New York, NY 10001
Diversified Consumer Services
Warrant
Common Stock; strike price $6.87
7/25/2022 n/a n/a 224,174 583 157
Bombora, Inc.
257 Park Ave. South,
Floor 6
New York, NY 10010
Software
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+5.00%, 5.50% floor, 3.75% PIK, 2.00% ETP
3/31/2025 20,353 n/a n/a 20,081 20,081
Warrant
Common Stock; strike price $3.29
3/31/2031 n/a n/a 121,581 175 255
Brilliant Earth, LLC
26 O’Farrell St.,
10th Floor
San Francisco, CA 94103
Specialty Retail
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+7.75%, 8.25% floor, 4.50% ETP
10/15/2023 35,000 n/a n/a 35,722 35,343
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+7.75%, 8.25% floor, 0.75% ETP 10/15/2023 30,000 n/a n/a 29,915 30,294
Units Class P Units n/a n/a 0.55% 526,845 984 5,813
CareCloud, Inc.
7 Clyde Rd.
Somerset, NJ 08873
Health Care Equipment & Services
Warrant
Common Stock; strike price $7.50
1/8/2022 n/a n/a 1,000,000 435 687
Warrant Common Stock; strike price $10.00 1/8/2023 n/a n/a 1,000,000 837 1,056
Preferred Stock 11% Series A Cumulative
Redeemable Perpetual Preferred
Stock
n/a n/a 3.14% 544,178 14,288 15,890
Circadence Corporation
1900 9th St.,
Suite 300
Boulder, CO 80302
Software
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+9.50%, 12.00% floor, 7.50% ETP
12/15/2022 17,400 n/a n/a 17,583 15,693
Warrant Series A-6 Preferred Stock; strike price $1.17 12/20/2028 n/a n/a 1,538,462 3,630 796
Warrant Series A-6 Preferred Stock; strike price $1.17 10/31/2029 n/a n/a 384,615 846 199
 
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Portfolio Company
Industry
Type of Investment
Interest Rate/Description
Maturity
Principal
Percentage of
Class Held
on a Fully
Diluted
Basis
Number of
Shares
Cost
Fair
Value
CloudPay Solutions Ltd.
3128 Highwoods Blvd., Suite 160
Raleigh, NC 27604
Software
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+8.75%, 9.25% floor, 2.00% ETP
8/17/2025 35,000 n/a n/a 34,799 34,799
Warrant Series B Preferred Stock; strike
price $66.53
6/30/2030 n/a n/a 11,273 218 579
Warrant Series D Preferred Stock; strike
price $171.3182
8/17/2031 n/a n/a 1,751 31 31
Credit Sesame, Inc.
444 Castro St., Suite 500
Mountain View,
CA 94040
Diversified Consumer Services
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+8.35%, 10.25% floor, 2.50% ETP
12/15/2023 31,500 n/a n/a 31,707 31,347
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+8.35% , 2.00% PIK on
overadvance, 10.25% floor
5/15/2023 9,548 n/a n/a 9,548 9,501
Warrant Common Stock; strike price $0.01 1/7/2030 N/A n/a 191,601 425 1,581
CrossRoads Extremity Systems, LLC
6055 Primacy Pkwy
Memphis, TN 38119
Medical
Devices &
Equipment
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+8.15%, 1.50% PIK, 8.65% floor, 3.50% ETP
7/1/2025 7,524 n/a n/a 7,316 7,316
Warrant Series C Preferred Stock; strike
price $3.79
6/29/2031 n/a n/a 69,261 95 95
Dejero Labs Inc.
412 Albert St., Suite 100
Waterloo ON, N2L 3V3
IT Services
Warrant Common Stock; strike price $0.01 5/31/2029 N/A n/a 333,621 192 546
Dtex Systems, Inc.
3055 Olin Ave.,
Suite 2000
San Jose, CA 95128
Software
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+9.50%, 10.00% floor, 1.75% ETP
6/1/2025 10,000 n/a n/a 9,923 9,923
Warrant Series C-Prime Preferred Stock;
strike price $0.60
6/1/2025 n/a n/a 500,000 59 328
Warrant Series C-Prime Preferred Stock;
strike price $0.60
7/11/2026 n/a n/a 833,333 115 547
Echo 360 Holdings, Inc.
11955 Freedom Dr.,
Suite 700
Reston, VA 20190
Diversified Consumer Services
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+10.50%, 11.00% floor,
3.00% ETP
12/15/2024 20,000 n/a n/a 19,980 19,980
Warrant
Series E Preferred Stock; strike
price $1.59
5/3/2029 n/a n/a 1,066,767 300 630
Warrant
Series E Preferred Stock; strike
price $1.59
6/21/2031 n/a n/a 125,502 74 74
Fidelis Cybersecurity, Inc.
4500 East West Highway
Suite 400
Bethesda, MD 20814
IT Services
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+11.00%, 12.0% Floor,
2.39% ETP
5/13/2024 13,641 n/a n/a 13,581 13,482
Warrant Common Stock; strike price $337.50 5/13/2031 n/a n/a n/a 0 0
FiscalNote, Inc.
1201 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, 6th Floor
Washington, DC 20004
Software
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+9.25%, 9.75% floor, 5.00% ETP
8/21/2023 45,000 n/a n/a 45,185 45,185
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+9.25%, 9.75% floor, 5.00% ETP 8/21/2023 10,000 n/a n/a 9,901 9,901
Warrant
Common Stock; strike price $0.01
10/19/2030 n/a n/a 194,673 438 2,340
Gynesonics, Inc.
600 Chesapeake Dr.
Redwood City, CA 94063
Medical
Devices &
Equipment
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+8.75%, 9.25% floor, 3.50% ETP
12/1/2025 30,000 n/a n/a 29,437 29,437
Warrant Success Fee 12/1/2027 n/a n/a n/a 499 609
INRIX, Inc.
10210 NE Points Dr.,
Suite 400
Kirkland, WA 98033
Software
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+8.00%, 10.50% floor, 2.50% ETP
7/15/2023 20,000 n/a n/a 20,124 20,124
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+8.00%, 10.50% floor, 2.50% ETP
7/15/2023 10,000 n/a n/a 9,938 9,938
Warrant Common Stock; strike price $9.29 7/26/2029 n/a n/a 150,804 522 1,040
Longtail Ad Solutions, Inc.
(dba JW Player)
2 Park Ave., 10th Floor
New York, NY 10016
Software
Warrant Common Stock; strike price $1.49 12/12/2029 n/a n/a 387,596 47 438
Marley Spoon AG
Berlin, Germany
Specialty Retail
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+8.50%, 1.25% PIK, 9.00% floor 6/15/2025 17,597 n/a n/a 17,188 17,186
 
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Portfolio Company
Industry
Type of Investment
Interest Rate/Description
Maturity
Principal
Percentage of
Class Held
on a Fully
Diluted
Basis
Number of
Shares
Cost
Fair
Value
Massdrop, Inc.
710 Sansome St.
San Francisco, CA 94111
Internet & Catalog Retail
Warrant Series B Preferred Stock; strike
price $1.19
7/22/2029 n/a n/a 848,093 183 193
Mingle Healthcare Solutions, Inc.
8911 Sandy Parkway,
Suite 200
Sandy, UT 84070
Health Care Equipment & Services
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+9.50%, 0.25% PIK, 11.75% floor, 10.00% ETP
8/15/2022 3,956 n/a n/a 4,418 4,352
Warrant
Series AA Preferred Stock; strike price $0.24
8/15/2028 n/a n/a 1,625,000 492 0
Mojix, Inc.
11075 Santa Monica
Blvd., Suite 350
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Software
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+12.00% PIK, 12.00% floor, 5% ETP
10/15/2021 6,519 n/a n/a 6,502 7,339
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+12.00% PIK, 12.00% floor, 5% ETP 10/15/2021 2,173 n/a n/a 2,170 2,446
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+12.00% PIK, 12.00% floor, 5% ETP 10/15/2021 543 n/a n/a 544 611
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+12.00% PIK, 12.00% floor, 5% ETP 10/15/2021 542 n/a n/a 542 611
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+12.00% PIK, 12.00% floor, 5% ETP
10/15/2021 1,079 n/a n/a 1,073 1,215
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+12.00% PIK, 12.00% floor, 5% ETP
10/31/2021 929 n/a n/a 929 1,063
Warrant Common Stock; strike price $1.28 12/13/2030 n/a n/a 2,349 119 0
Warrant Common Stock; strike price $2.12 12/13/2030 n/a n/a 5,873 298 0
Warrant Common Stock; strike price $5.57 12/13/2030 n/a n/a 394,733 829 0
Preferred Stock Series A-1 Preferred Stock n/a n/a 61.53% 67,114,092 800 708
Ouster, Inc.
350 Treat Ave.
San Francisco, CA 94110
Technology Hardware, Storage & Peripherals
Common Stock Common Stock n/a n/a 2.43% 1,206,959 103 8,835
Pivot3 Holdings, Inc.
221 W. 6th St., Suite 750
Austin, TX 78701
IT Services
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+8.50% PIK, 11.00% floor, 4.00% ETP
11/15/2022 18,598 n/a n/a 19,172 9,863
Preferred Stock Series 1 Preferred Stock n/a n/a 30.00% 2,675,585 2,000 0
Porch Group, Inc.
2200 1st Avenue South,
Seattle, WA 98134
Software
Warrant Earnout 12/23/2023 n/a n/a n/a 0 0
Quantum Corporation
224 Airport Parkway
Suite 300
San Jose, CA 95110
Technology Hardware, Storage & Peripherals
Common Stock Common Stock n/a n/a 0.11% 459,720 2,607 2,381
RealWear, Inc.
600 Hatheway Road
Vancouver, WA 98661
Technology Hardware, Storage & Peripherals
Warrant
Series A Preferred Stock; strike
price $4.44
10/5/2028 n/a n/a 112,451 136 0
Warrant
Series A Preferred Stock; strike
price $6.78
6/27/2029 n/a n/a 123,894 381 0
Warrant
Series A Preferred Stock; strike
price $4.44
12/28/2028 n/a n/a 22,491 25 0
Route 92 Medical, Inc.
155 Bovet Road,
Suite 100
San Mateo CA 94402
Medical
Devices &
Equipment
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+8.48%, 8.98% floor, 3.95% ETP, due 7/1/2026
7/1/2026 13,000 n/a n/a 12,639 12,664
Warrant Success Fee 8/17/2031 n/a n/a n/a 248 248
Scale Computing, Inc.
525 S. Meridian St,
Suite. 3E
Indianapolis, IN 46225
Software
Warrant
Common Stock; strike price $0.80
3/29/2029 n/a n/a 9,665,667 346 0
 
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Portfolio Company
Industry
Type of Investment
Interest Rate/Description
Maturity
Principal
Percentage of
Class Held
on a Fully
Diluted
Basis
Number of
Shares
Cost
Fair
Value
SetPoint Medical
Corporation
25101 Rye Canyon Loop
Valencia, CA 91355
Medical
Devices & Equipment
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+8.75%, 9.25% floor, 4.00% ETP
12/1/2025 10,000 n/a n/a 9,916 9,916
Warrant Series B’ Preferred Stock; strike
price $1.00
6/29/2031 n/a n/a 400,000 14 20
ShareThis, Inc.
5 Palo Alto Square,
Suite 150
Palo Alto, CA 94306
IT Services
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+9.25%, 11.60% floor, 3.00% ETP
7/15/2023 19,250 n/a n/a 19,222 19,222
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+9.25%, 11.60% floor, 3.00% ETP
7/15/2023 750 n/a n/a 746 746
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+9.25%, 11.60% floor, 3.00% ETP
7/15/2023 1,000 n/a n/a 990 990
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+8.25%, 10.60% floor, 3.00% ETP 7/15/2023 1,000 n/a n/a 1,010 1,010
Warrant Series D-3 Preferred Stock; strike price $2.43 12/3/2028 n/a n/a 647,615 2,162 2,162
Snagajob.com, Inc.
4851 Lake Brook Drive
Glen Allen, VA 23060
Business
Products &
Services
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+8.50%, 9.00% floor, 2.75% ETP
9/1/2025 37,315 n/a n/a 36,754 36,754
Warrant Series B-1 Preferred Stock; strike price $1.30 9/29/2031 n/a n/a 763,269 343 343
STN Video Inc.
1111 Wharf St.,
Victoria British
Columbia, V8W 1T7
Media
Warrant
Class B Non-Voting Stock; strike price $0.67
6/30/2027 n/a n/a 191,500 246 10
The Kairn Corporation
464 Monetary Ave.,
Suite E
Los Gatos, CA 95030
Software
Senior Secured Term
Loan
6.50% PIK
3/9/2027 4,400 n/a n/a 4,400 2,865
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+9.50% PIK, 10.81% floor
12/15/2022 1,063 n/a n/a 1,123 1,123
Warrant
Common Stock; strike price $0.01
3/9/2030 n/a n/a 81,177 0 458
VERO Biotech LLC
55 Ivan Allen Jr. Blvd., Suite 525
Atlanta, GA 30308
Medical
Devices &
Equipment
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+9.05%, 9.55% floor, 3.00% ETP
12/1/2024 25,000 n/a n/a 24,578 24,578
Senior Secured Term
Loan
LIBOR+9.05%, 9.55% floor, 3.00% ETP 12/1/2024 15,000 n/a n/a 14,947 14,947
Warrant Success fee 12/29/2025 n/a n/a n/a 377 461
zSpace, Inc.
490 De Guigne Dr.,
Suite 200
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
Technology Hardware, Storage & Peripherals
Common Stock Common Stock n/a n/a 1.34% 6,078,499 1,119 0
584,288 586,352
584,288 586,352
Set forth below is a brief description of each portfolio company in which the fair value of our investment represents greater than 5% of our total assets as of September 30, 2021.
Brilliant Earth, LLC — An e-commerce company that offers ethical and environmentally responsible conflict free diamonds and fine jewelry.
CloudPay Solutions Ltd. — A developer of a cloud-based payroll platform, managed services, and treasury services to provide end-to-end payroll solutions to multinational organizations. The company’s platform offers accurate, standardized payroll processing in over 120 countries, through a single SaaS platform, which enables organizations to increase efficiency, streamline compliance, and achieve greater visibility into payroll.
Credit Sesame, Inc. — A leader in the personal credit management space. The company helps users access, understand and improve, leverage and protect their credit / credit scores.
Fiscal Note, Inc. — A premier information services company focused on global policy and market intelligence. By combining AI technology, expert analysis, and legislative, regulatory, and geopolitical data, FiscalNote is reinventing the way that organizations minimize risk and capitalize on opportunity.
 
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Gynesonics, Inc. — A healthcare company focused on advancing women’s health by developing minimally invasive, incision-free, uterus-preserving, transcervical technologies for diagnostic and therapeutic applications.
Snagjob.com, Inc. — A human resource and employment services company that offers a platform for employers to post hourly jobs through either subscription or performance-based, “take-rate” pricing, as well as offers human capital solutions for the hourly employment market.
 
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MANAGEMENT
The information in the sections entitled “Election of Directors”, “Corporate Governance” and “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions” in our most recent definitive proxy statement on Schedule 14A for our annual meeting of stockholders (the “Annual Proxy Statement”) is incorporated herein by reference.
 
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MANAGEMENT AND OTHER AGREEMENTS
The information in the sections entitled “About RGC” and “About Our Administrator,” in Part I, Item 1 “Business” of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, and in “Note 7 — Related Party Agreements and Transactions” in to our financial statements in our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is incorporated herein by reference.
 
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RELATED-PARTY TRANSACTIONS AND CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS
The information in the section entitled “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions” in our most recent Annual Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference.
 
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CONTROL PERSONS AND PRINCIPAL SHAREHOLDERS
The information in the sections entitled “Election of Directors” and “Security Ownership of Management and Certain Beneficial Owners and Management” in our most recent Annual Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference.
 
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DETERMINATION OF NET ASSET VALUE
Determinations in Connection with our Investments
We determine the net asset value per share of our common stock quarterly. The net asset value per share is equal to the value of our total assets minus liabilities and any preferred stock outstanding divided by the total number of shares of common stock outstanding. As of the date of this prospectus, we do not have any preferred stock outstanding.
Our investment assets are carried at fair value in accordance with the 1940 Act and ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements. Fair value, as defined in Section 2(a)(41) of the 1940 Act, is (i) the market price for those securities for which a market quotation is readily available and (ii) for all other securities and assets, fair value is as determined in good faith by our Board. Our investments are primarily made to venture-backed companies focused in technology, life sciences, business services and industrial companies and other high-growth industries, including select consumer products and services. Given the nature of lending to these types of companies, our investments are generally considered Level 3 assets under ASC Topic 820 because there is no known or accessible market or market indexes for these investments to be traded or exchanged. As such, we value substantially all of our investments at fair value as determined in good faith pursuant to a consistent valuation policy and our Board in accordance with the provisions of ASC Topic 820 and the 1940 Act.
Our Audit Committee is also responsible for assisting our Board in valuing investments that are not publicly traded or for which current market values are not readily available. Investments for which market quotations are readily available are valued using market quotations, which are generally obtained from independent pricing services, broker-dealers or market makers. With respect to portfolio investments for which market quotations are not readily available, our Board, with the assistance of Runway Growth Capital and its senior investment team and independent valuation agents, is responsible for determining in good faith the fair value in accordance with the valuation policy approved by our Board. If more than one valuation method is used to measure fair value, the results are evaluated and weighted, as appropriate, considering the reasonableness of the range indicated by those results. We consider a range of fair values based upon the valuation techniques utilized and select the value within that range that was most representative of fair value based on current market conditions as well as other factors Runway Growth Capital’s senior investment team considers relevant. When an external event with respect to one of our portfolio companies, such as a purchase transaction, public offering or subsequent equity sale occurs, we expect to use the pricing indicated by the external event to corroborate our valuation.
Our Board will make this fair value determination on a quarterly basis and any other time when a decision regarding the fair value of the portfolio investments is required. A determination of fair value involves subjective judgments and estimates and depends on the facts and circumstances. Due to the inherent uncertainty of determining the fair value of portfolio investments that do not have a readily available market value, the fair value of the investments may differ significantly from the values that would have been used had a readily available market value existed for such investments, and the differences could be material.
ASC Topic 820 specifies a hierarchy of valuation techniques based on whether the inputs to those valuation techniques are observable or unobservable. ASC Topic 820 also provides guidance regarding a fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes information used to measure fair value and the effect of fair value measurements on earnings and provides for enhanced disclosures determined by the level within the hierarchy of information used in the valuation. In accordance with ASC Topic 820, these inputs are summarized in the three levels listed below:

Level 1 — Valuations are based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that are accessible at the measurement date.

Level 2 — Valuations are based on quoted prices in markets that are not active or for which all significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly and model-based valuation techniques for which all significant inputs are observable.

Level 3 — Valuations based on inputs that are unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement. Level 3 assets and liabilities include financial instruments whose value is determined using pricing models incorporating significant unobservable inputs, such as discounted cash flow
 
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models and other similar valuations techniques. The valuation of Level 3 assets and liabilities generally requires significant management judgment due to the inability to observe inputs to valuation.
In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, an investment’s level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of observable input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, and considers factors specific to the investment.
Under ASC Topic 820, the fair value measurement also assumes that the transaction to sell an asset occurs in the principal market for the asset or, in the absence of a principal market, the most advantageous market for the asset, which may be a hypothetical market, and excludes transaction costs. The principal market for any asset is the market with the greatest volume and level of activity for such asset in which the reporting entity would or could sell or transfer the asset. In determining the principal market for an asset or liability under ASC Topic 820, it is assumed that the reporting entity has access to such market as of the measurement date. Market participants are defined as buyers and sellers in the principal or most advantageous market that are independent, knowledgeable and willing and able to transact.
With respect to investments for which market quotations are not readily available, our Board will undertake a multi-step valuation process each quarter, as described below:

Our quarterly valuation process will begin with each portfolio company or investment being initially valued by Runway Growth Capital’s professionals that are responsible for the portfolio investment;

Preliminary valuation conclusions will then be documented and discussed with Runway Growth Capital’s senior investment team;

At least once annually, the valuation for each portfolio investment will be reviewed by one or more independent valuation firms. Certain investments, however, will not be evaluated by the applicable independent valuation firm if the net asset value and other aspects of such investments in the aggregate do not exceed certain thresholds;

The Audit Committee then reviews these preliminary valuations from Runway Growth Capital and the independent valuation firm, if any, and makes a recommendation to our Board regarding such valuations; and

Our Board will then discuss valuations and determine the fair value of each investment in our portfolio in good faith, based on the input of Runway Growth Capital, the respective independent valuation firms and our audit committee.
Determinations in Connection with our Offerings
In connection with each offering of shares of our common stock, our Board or an authorized committee thereof is required by the 1940 Act to make the determination that we are not selling shares of our common stock at a price below our then current net asset value at the time at which the sale is made. Our Board or an authorized committee thereof considers the following factors, among others, in making such determination:

the net asset value of our common stock disclosed in the most recent periodic report we filed with the SEC;

our management’s assessment of whether any material change in the net asset value has occurred (including through the realization of net gains on the sale of our investments) from the period beginning on the date of the most recently disclosed net asset value to the period ending two days prior to the date of the sale of our common stock; and

the magnitude of the difference between (i) a value that our Board or an authorized committee thereof has determined reflects the current net asset value of our common stock, which is based upon the net asset value disclosed in the most recent periodic report we filed with the SEC, as adjusted to reflect our management’s assessment of any material change in the net asset value since the date of the most recently disclosed net asset value, and (ii) the offering price of the shares of our common stock in the proposed offering.
 
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Moreover, to the extent that there is even a remote possibility (other than with respect to this offering) that we may (i) issue shares of our common stock at a price below the then-current net asset value of our common stock at the time at which the sale is made or (ii) trigger the undertaking to suspend the offering of shares of our common stock pursuant to this prospectus if the net asset value fluctuates by certain amounts in certain circumstances until the prospectus is amended or supplemented, our Board or an authorized committee thereof will elect, in the case of clause (i) above, either to postpone the offering until such time that there is no longer the possibility of the occurrence of such event or to undertake to determine net asset value within two days prior to any such sale to ensure that such sale will not be below our then current net asset value, and, in the case of clause (ii) above, to comply with such undertaking or to undertake to determine net asset value to ensure that such undertaking has not been triggered.
These processes and procedures are part of our compliance policies and procedures. Records will be made contemporaneously with all determinations described in this section and these records will be maintained with other records we are required to maintain under the 1940 Act.
 
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DIVIDEND REINVESTMENT PLAN
We have adopted a dividend reinvestment plan that provides for reinvestment of our dividends and other distributions on behalf of our stockholders, unless a stockholder elects to receive cash as provided below. As a result of adopting such a plan, if our Board authorizes, and we declare, a cash dividend or distribution, our stockholders who have not opted out of our dividend reinvestment plan will have their cash dividends or distributions automatically reinvested in additional shares of our common stock, rather than receiving cash.
If newly issued shares are used to implement the dividend reinvestment plan, the number of shares to be issued to a shareholder will be determined by dividing the total dollar amount of the cash dividend or distribution payable to a shareholder by the market price per share of our common stock at the close of regular trading on Nasdaq on the payment date of a distribution, or if no sale is reported for such day, the average of the reported bid and ask prices. However, if the market price per share on the payment date of a cash dividend or distribution exceeds the most recently computed net asset value per share, we will issue shares at the greater of (i) the most recently computed net asset value per share and (ii) 95% of the current market price per share (or such lesser discount to the current market price per share that still exceeded the most recently computed net asset value per share).
If shares are purchased in the open market to implement the dividend reinvestment plan, the number of shares to be issued to a shareholder shall be determined by dividing the dollar amount of the cash dividend payable to such shareholder by the weighted average price per share for all shares purchased by the plan administrator in the open market in connection with the dividend.
The number of shares to be issued to a participant in the dividend reinvestment plan are rounded downward to the nearest whole number to avoid the issuance of fractional shares, and any fractional share otherwise issuable to a participant but for this provision is instead be paid to such participant in cash contemporaneously with the issuance of such shares in connection with such cash dividend.
No action will be required on the part of a registered stockholder to have his or her cash dividends and distributions reinvested in shares of our common stock. A registered stockholder could instead elect to receive a dividend or distribution in cash by notifying Runway Growth Capital in writing, so that such notice is received by Runway Growth Capital no later than 5 days prior to the record date for distributions to the stockholders. Runway Growth Capital will set up an account for shares of our common stock acquired through the plan for each stockholder who does not elect to receive dividends and distributions in cash and hold such shares in non-certificated form. Those stockholders whose shares are held by a broker or other financial intermediary could receive dividends and distributions in cash by notifying their broker or other financial intermediary of their election.
Stockholders who receive dividends and distributions in the form of stock are generally subject to the same U.S. federal, state and local tax consequences as are stockholders who elect to receive their dividends and distributions in cash. However, since a participating stockholder’s cash dividends and distributions will be reinvested in our common stock, such stockholder will not receive cash with which to pay applicable taxes on reinvested dividends and distributions. A stockholder’s adjusted tax basis for determining gain or loss upon the sale of stock received in a dividend or distribution from us will generally be equal to the cash that would have been received if the stockholder had received the dividend or distribution in cash, unless we were to issue new shares that are trading at or above net asset value, in which case, the stockholder’s adjusted tax basis in the new shares will generally be equal to their fair market value. Any stock received in a dividend or distribution will have a new holding period for U.S. federal income tax purposes commencing on the day following the day on which the shares are credited to the U.S. stockholder’s account.
The plan will be terminable by us upon notice in writing mailed to each stockholder of record at least 30 days prior to any record date for the payment of any distribution by us. All correspondence concerning the plan should be directed to Runway Growth Capital by mail at Runway Growth Capital LLC, 205 N. Michigan Ave., Suite 4200, Chicago, IL 60601.
 
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CERTAIN U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS
The following discussion is a general summary of certain U.S. federal income tax considerations applicable to us and to an investment in our common stock. This discussion does not purport to be a complete description of the U.S. federal income tax considerations applicable to such an investment. For example, this discussion does not describe tax consequences that we have assumed to be generally known by investors or certain considerations that may be relevant to certain types of holders subject to special treatment under U.S. federal income tax laws, including persons who hold our common stock as part of a straddle or a hedging, integrated or constructive sale transaction, persons subject to the alternative minimum tax, tax-exempt organizations, insurance companies, brokers or dealers in securities, pension plans and trusts, persons whose functional currency is not the U.S. dollar, U.S. expatriates, regulated investment companies, real estate investment trusts, personal holding companies, persons who acquire an interest in the Company in connection with the performance of services, and financial institutions. Such persons should consult with their own tax advisers as to the U.S. federal income tax consequences of an investment in our common stock, which may differ substantially from those described herein. This discussion assumes that shareholders hold our common stock as capital assets (within the meaning of the Code).
The discussion is based upon the Code, Treasury regulations, and administrative and judicial interpretations, each as of the date of this Registration Statement and all of which are subject to change, possibly retroactively, which could affect the continuing validity of this discussion. We have not sought and will not seek any ruling from the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) regarding any matter discussed herein. Prospective investors should be aware that, although we intend to adopt positions we believe are in accord with current interpretations of the U.S. federal income tax laws, the IRS may not agree with the tax positions taken by us and that, if challenged by the IRS, our tax positions might not be sustained by the courts. This summary does not discuss any aspects of U.S. estate, alternative minimum, or gift tax or foreign, state or local tax. It also does not discuss the special treatment under U.S. federal income tax laws that could result if we invested in tax-exempt securities or certain other investment assets.
A “U.S. stockholder” is a beneficial owner of shares of our common stock that is for U.S. federal income tax purposes:

an individual who is a citizen or resident of the United States;

a corporation (or other entity taxable as a corporation) created or organized in or under the laws of the United States, any state thereof or the District of Columbia;

an estate, the income of which is subject to U.S. federal income taxation regardless of its source; or

a trust if a court within the United States is able to exercise primary jurisdiction over the administration of the trust and one or more U.S. persons have authority to control all substantial decisions of the trust.
A “non-U.S. stockholder” means a beneficial owner of shares of our common stock that is for U.S. federal income tax purposes neither a U.S. stockholder nor a partnership.
If a partnership or other entity classified as a partnership, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, holds our shares, the U.S. tax treatment of the partnership and each partner generally will depend on the status of the partner, the activities of the partnership and certain determinations made at the partner level. A partnership considering an investment in our common stock should consult its own tax advisers regarding the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the acquisition, ownership and disposition of shares by the partnership.
Taxation of the Company
We have elected to be treated as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code, for 2016 and we intend to qualify for treatment as a RIC annually thereafter. As a RIC, we generally will not pay U.S. federal income taxes on any ordinary income or capital gains that we timely distribute to our stockholders as dividends.
To qualify as a RIC, we must, among other things:

derive in each taxable year at least 90% of our gross income from dividends, interest, payments with respect to certain securities loans, gains from the sale or other disposition of stock, securities or foreign
 
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currencies, other income derived with respect to our business of investing in stock, securities or currencies, or net income derived from an interest in a “qualified publicly traded partnership,” or “QPTP,” hereinafter the “90% Gross Income Test;” and

diversify our holdings so that, at the end of each quarter of each taxable year:

at least 50% of the value of our total assets is represented by cash and cash items, U.S. Government securities, the securities of other RICs and other securities, with other securities limited, in respect of any one issuer, to an amount not greater than 5% of the value of our total assets and not more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of such issuer, and

not more than 25% of the value of our total assets is invested in the securities of any issuer (other than U.S. Government securities and the securities of other RICs), the securities of any two or more issuers (other than the securities of other RICs) that we control and that are determined to be engaged in the same business or similar or related trades or businesses, or the securities of one or more QPTPs, or the “Diversification Tests.”
In the case of a RIC that furnishes capital to development corporations, there is an exception relating to the Diversification Tests described above. This exception is available only to RICs which have received SEC Certification. We have not sought SEC Certification, but it is possible that we may seek SEC Certification in future years. If we receive SEC Certification, we generally will be entitled to include, in the computation of the 50% value of our assets (described above), the value of any securities of an issuer, whether or not we own more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of the issuer, if the basis of the securities, when added to our basis of any other securities of the issuer that we own, does not exceed 5% of the value of our total assets.
As a RIC, we (but not our stockholders) are generally not subject to U.S. federal income tax on investment company taxable income and net capital gain that we timely distribute to our stockholders in any taxable year with respect to which we distribute an amount equal to at least the sum of (i) 90% of our investment company taxable income (which includes, among other items, dividends, interest and the excess of any net realized short-term capital gains over net realized long-term capital losses and other taxable income (other than any net capital gain), reduced by deductible expenses) determined without regard to the deduction for dividends and distributions paid and (ii) 90% of our net tax-exempt interest income (which is the excess of our gross tax-exempt interest income over certain disallowed deductions), or the “Annual Distribution Requirement.” We intend to distribute annually all or substantially all of such income. Generally, if we fail to meet this Annual Distribution Requirement for any taxable year, we will fail to qualify as a RIC for such taxable year. To the extent we meet the Annual Distribution Requirement for a taxable year, but retain our net capital gain for investment or any investment company taxable income, we will be subject to U.S. federal income tax and possibly the 4% U.S. federal excise tax descried below on such retained capital gains and investment company taxable income. We may choose to retain our net capital gains for investment or any investment company taxable income, and pay the associated U.S. federal income tax, including any nondeductible 4% U.S. federal excise tax described below, if applicable.
We are subject to a nondeductible 4% U.S. federal excise tax on certain of our undistributed income, unless we timely distribute (or are deemed to have timely distributed) an amount equal to the sum of:

at least 98% of our ordinary income (not taking into account any capital gains or losses) for the calendar year;

at least 98.2% of our capital gain net income for a one-year period generally ending on October 31 of the calendar year (unless an election is made by us to use our taxable year); and

any net ordinary income and capital gain net income that we recognized for preceding years, but were not distributed during such years, and on which we paid no U.S. federal income tax.
While we intend to distribute any income and capital gains in order to avoid imposition of this nondeductible 4% U.S. federal excise tax, we may not be successful in avoiding entirely the imposition of this tax. In that case, we will be liable for the tax only on the amount by which we do not meet the foregoing distribution requirement.
We are authorized to borrow funds and to sell assets in order to satisfy distribution requirements. However, under the 1940 Act, we are not permitted to make distributions to our stockholders while any senior
 
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securities are outstanding unless we meet the applicable asset coverage ratios. See “Regulation.” Moreover, our ability to dispose of assets to meet our distribution requirements may be limited by (1) the illiquid nature of our portfolio and/or (2) other requirements relating to our status as a RIC, including the Diversification Tests. If we dispose of assets in order to meet the Annual Distribution Requirement or to avoid the 4% U.S. federal excise tax, we may make such dispositions at times that, from an investment standpoint, are not advantageous.
A RIC is limited in its ability to deduct expenses in excess of its “investment company taxable income” (which is, generally, ordinary income plus the excess of net short-term capital gains over net long-term capital losses). If our expenses in a given year exceed investment company taxable income, we would experience a net operating loss for that year. However, a RIC is not permitted to carry forward net operating losses to subsequent years. In addition, expenses can be used only to offset investment company taxable income, not net capital gain. Due to these limits on the deductibility of expenses, we may, for tax purposes, have aggregate taxable income for several years that we are required to distribute and that is taxable to our stockholders even if such income is greater than the aggregate net income we actually earned during those years. Such required distributions may be made from our cash assets or by liquidation of investments, if necessary. We may realize gains or losses from such liquidations. In the event we realize net capital gains from such transactions, stockholders may receive a larger capital gain distribution than they would have received in the absence of such transactions.
Failure to Qualify as a RIC
While we have elected to be treated as a RIC and intend to qualify to be treated as a RIC annually, no assurance can be provided that we will qualify as a RIC for any taxable year. While we generally will not lose our status as a RIC as long as we do not acquire any non-qualifying securities or other property, under certain circumstances we may be deemed to have made an acquisition of non-qualifying securities or other property. If we have previously qualified as a RIC, but were subsequently unable to qualify for treatment as a RIC, and certain amelioration provisions are not applicable, we would be subject to U.S. federal income tax on all of our taxable income (including our net capital gains) at regular corporate rates. We would not be able to deduct distributions to stockholders, nor would they be required to be made. Distributions, including distributions of net long-term capital gain, would generally be taxable to our stockholders as ordinary dividend income to the extent of our current and accumulated earnings and profits. Subject to certain limitations under the Code, corporate stockholders would be eligible to claim a dividend received deduction with respect to such dividend; non-corporate stockholders would generally be able to treat such dividends as “qualified dividend income,” which is subject to reduced rates of U.S. federal income tax. Distributions in excess of our current and accumulated earnings and profits would be treated first as a return of capital to the extent of the stockholder’s adjusted tax basis, and any remaining distributions would be treated as a capital gain. In order to requalify as a RIC, in addition to the other requirements discussed above, we would be required to distribute all of our previously undistributed earnings attributable to the period we failed to qualify as a RIC by the end of the first year that we intend to requalify as a RIC. If we fail to requalify as a RIC for a period greater than two taxable years, we may be subject to U.S. federal income tax at corporate rates on any net built-in gains with respect to certain of our assets (i.e., the excess of the aggregate gains, including items of income, over aggregate losses that would have been realized with respect to such assets if we had been liquidated) that we elect to recognize on requalification or when recognized over the next five years.
The remainder of this discussion assumes that we qualify as a RIC for each taxable year.
Company Investments
Certain of our investment practices are subject to special and complex U.S. federal income tax provisions that may, among other things, (i) disallow, suspend or otherwise limit the allowance of certain losses or deductions, including the dividends received deduction, (ii) convert lower taxed long-term capital gains and qualified dividend income into higher taxed short-term capital gains or ordinary income, (iii) convert ordinary loss or a deduction into capital loss (the deductibility of which is more limited), (iv) cause us to recognize income or gain without a corresponding receipt of cash, (v) adversely affect the time as to when a purchase or sale of stock or securities is deemed to occur, (vi) adversely alter the characterization of certain complex financial transactions and (vii) produce income that will not qualify as good income for purposes of the 90% Gross Income Test. We monitor our transactions and may make certain tax elections and may be required to
 
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borrow money or dispose of securities to mitigate the effect of these rules and to prevent disqualification of us as a RIC but there can be no assurance that we will be successful in this regard.
Debt Instruments.   In certain circumstances, we may be required to recognize taxable income prior to the time at which we receive cash. For example, if we hold debt instruments that are treated under applicable tax rules as having OID (such as debt instruments with an end-of-term payment and/or PIK interest payment or, in certain cases, increasing interest rates or issued with warrants), we must include in taxable income each year a portion of the OID that accrues over the life of the obligation, regardless of whether cash representing such income is received by us in the same taxable year. Because any OID accrued will be included in our investment company taxable income for the year of accrual, we may be required to make a distribution to our stockholders in order to satisfy the Annual Distribution Requirement and to avoid the 4% U.S. federal excise tax, even though we will not have received any corresponding cash amount.
Warrants.   Gain or loss realized by us from the sale or exchange of warrants acquired by us as well as any loss attributable to the lapse of such warrants generally are treated as capital gain or loss. The treatment of such gain or loss as long-term or short-term generally depends on how long we held a particular warrant and on the nature of the disposition transaction.
Foreign Investments.   In the event we invest in foreign securities, we may be subject to withholding and other foreign taxes with respect to those securities. We do not expect to satisfy the requirement to pass through to our stockholders their share of the foreign taxes paid by us.
Passive Foreign Investment Companies.   We may invest in the stock of a foreign corporation which is classified as a “passive foreign investment company” ​(within the meaning of Section 1297 of the Code), or “PFIC.” If we acquire shares in a PFIC, we may be subject to U.S. federal income tax on a portion of any “excess distribution” or gain from the disposition of such shares. Additional charges in the nature of interest may be imposed on us in respect of deferred taxes arising from any such excess distributions or gains. This additional tax and interest may apply even if we make a distribution in an amount equal to any “excess distribution” or gain from the disposition of such shares as a taxable dividend by us to our shareholders. If we invest in a PFIC and elect to treat the PFIC as a “qualified electing fund” under the Code (a “QEF”), in lieu of the foregoing requirements, we will be required to include in income each year a portion of the ordinary earnings and net capital gain of the QEF, even if such income is not distributed to us. Alternatively, we can elect to mark-to-market at the end of each taxable year our shares in a PFIC; in this case, we will recognize as ordinary income any increase in the value of such shares, and as ordinary loss any decrease in such value to the extent it does not exceed prior increases included in income. Under either election, we may be required to recognize in a year income in excess of our distributions from PFICs and our proceeds from dispositions of PFIC stock during that year, and such income will nevertheless be subject to the Annual Distribution Requirement and will be taken into account for purposes of the 4% U.S. federal excise tax. No assurances can be given that any such election will be available or that, if available, we will make such an election.
If we hold more than 10% of the shares in a foreign corporation that is treated as a controlled foreign corporation, or “CFC,” we may be treated as receiving a deemed distribution (taxable as ordinary income) each year from such foreign corporation in an amount equal to our pro rata share of the corporation’s income for the tax year (including both ordinary earnings and capital gains), whether or not the corporation makes an actual distribution during such year. In general, a foreign corporation will be classified as a CFC if more than 50% of the shares of the corporation, measured by reference to combined voting power or value, is owned (directly, indirectly or by attribution) by U.S. Shareholders. A “U.S. Shareholder,” for this purpose, is any U.S. person that possesses (actually or constructively) 10% or more of the combined voting power of all classes of shares of a corporation or 10% or more of the total value of all classes of stock entitled to vote. If we are treated as receiving a deemed distribution from a CFC, we will be required to include such distribution in our investment company taxable income regardless of whether we receive any actual distributions from such CFC, and such income will nevertheless be subject to the Annual Distribution Requirement and will be taken into account for purposes of the 4% U.S. federal excise tax.
Income inclusions from a QEF or CFC will be “good income” for purposes of the 90% Gross Income Test provided that they are derived in connection with our business of investing in stocks and securities or the QEF or CFC distributes such income to us in the same taxable year to which the income is included in our income.
 
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Foreign Currency Transactions.   Under the Code, gains or losses attributable to fluctuations in exchange rates which occur between the time we accrue income or other receivables or accrue expenses or other liabilities denominated in a foreign currency and the time we actually collect such receivables or pay such liabilities generally are treated as ordinary income or loss. Similarly, on disposition of debt instruments and certain other instruments denominated in a foreign currency, gains or losses attributable to fluctuations if the value of the foreign currency between the date of acquisition of the instrument and the date of disposition also are treated as ordinary gain or loss. These currency fluctuations related gains and losses may increase or decrease the amount of our investment company taxable income to be distributed to our stockholders as ordinary income.
Taxation of U.S. Stockholders
Distributions by us generally are taxable to U.S. stockholders as ordinary income or capital gains. Distributions of our “investment company taxable income” ​(which is, generally, our net ordinary income plus realized net short-term capital gains in excess of realized net long-term capital losses) will be taxable as ordinary income to U.S. stockholders to the extent of our current or accumulated earnings and profits, whether paid in cash or reinvested in additional shares of our common stock. To the extent such distributions paid by us to non-corporate U.S. stockholders (including individuals) are attributable to dividends from U.S. corporations and certain qualified foreign corporations and such distributions are timely designated (“Qualifying Dividends”), they may be eligible for a maximum U.S. federal tax rate of 20%. In this regard, it is anticipated that distributions paid by us generally will not be attributable to dividends and, therefore, generally will not qualify for the 20% maximum rate applicable to Qualifying Dividends.
Distributions of our capital gain net income (which is generally our realized net long-term capital gains in excess of realized net short-term capital losses) properly reported by us as “capital gain dividends” will be taxable to a U.S. stockholder as long-term capital gains, which are currently taxable at a maximum rate of 20% in the case of individuals or estates, regardless of the U.S. stockholder’s holding period for his, her or its common stock and regardless of whether paid in cash or reinvested in additional common stock. Distributions in excess of our current and accumulated earnings and profits first will reduce a U.S. stockholder’s adjusted tax basis in such U.S. stockholder’s common stock and, after the adjusted basis is reduced to zero, will constitute capital gains to such U.S. stockholder.
U.S. stockholders receiving dividends or distributions in the form of additional shares of our common stock purchased in the market should be treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes as receiving a distribution in an amount equal to the amount of money that the stockholders receiving cash dividends or distributions will receive, and should have an adjusted tax basis in the shares received equal to such amount. Stockholders receiving dividends in newly issued shares of our common stock will be treated as receiving a distribution equal to the value of the shares received, and should have an adjusted tax basis of such amount.
Although we currently intend to distribute any net long-term capital gains at least annually, we may in the future decide to retain some or all of our net long-term capital gains but designate the retained amount as a “deemed distribution.” In that case, among other consequences, we will pay U.S. federal income tax on the retained amount, each U.S. stockholder will be required to include their share of the deemed distribution in income as if it had been distributed to the U.S. stockholder, and the U.S. stockholder will be entitled to claim a credit equal to their allocable share of the U.S. federal income tax paid on the deemed distribution by us. The amount of the deemed distribution net of such tax will be added to the U.S. stockholder’s adjusted tax basis for their common stock. Since we expect to pay U.S. federal income tax on any retained capital gains at corporate rates, and since that rate is in excess of the maximum rate currently payable by individuals on long-term capital gains, the amount of U.S. federal income tax that individual U.S. stockholders will be treated as having paid and for which they will receive a credit will exceed the U.S. federal income tax they owe on the retained net capital gain. Such excess generally may be claimed as a credit against the U.S. stockholder’s other U.S. federal income tax obligations or may be refunded to the extent it exceeds a U.S. stockholder’s liability for U.S. federal income tax. A U.S. stockholder that is not subject to U.S. federal income tax or otherwise required to file a U.S. federal income tax return would be required to file a U.S. federal income tax return on the appropriate form in order to claim a refund for the taxes we paid. In order to utilize the deemed distribution approach, we must provide written notice to our U.S. stockholders prior to the expiration of 60 days after the close of the relevant taxable year. We cannot treat any of our investment company taxable income as a “deemed distribution.”
 
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We or the applicable withholding agent will provide you with a notice reporting the amount of any ordinary income dividends (including the amount of such dividend, if any, eligible to be treated as qualified dividend income) and capital gain dividends by January 31. For purposes of determining (1) whether the Annual Distribution Requirement is satisfied for any year and (2) the amount of capital gain dividends paid for that year, we may, under certain circumstances, elect to treat a dividend that is paid during the following taxable year as if it had been paid during the taxable year in question. If we make such an election, the U.S. stockholder will still be treated as receiving the dividend in the taxable year in which the distribution is made. However, if we pay you a dividend in January which was declared in the previous October, November or December to U.S. stockholders of record on a specified date in one of these months, then the dividend will be treated for tax purposes as being paid by us and received by you on December 31 of the year in which the dividend was declared. If a U.S. stockholder purchases shares of our stock shortly before the record date of a distribution, the price of the shares will include the value of the distribution and the U.S. stockholder will be subject to U.S. federal income tax on the distribution even though it represents a return of its investment.
Dividend Reinvestment Plan.   Under the dividend reinvestment plan, if a U.S. stockholder owns shares of common stock registered in its own name, the U.S. stockholder will have all cash distributions automatically reinvested in additional shares of common stock unless the U.S. stockholder opts out of our dividend reinvestment plan by delivering a written notice to Runway Growth Capital or our dividend paying agent, as applicable, prior to the record date of the next dividend or distribution. See “Dividend Reinvestment Plan.” Any distributions reinvested under the plan will nevertheless remain taxable to the U.S. stockholder. The U.S. stockholder will have an adjusted tax basis in the additional common shares purchased through the plan equal to the amount of the reinvested distribution. The additional shares will have a new holding period commencing on the day following the day on which the shares are credited to the U.S. stockholder’s account.
Dispositions.   A U.S. stockholder generally will recognize gain or loss on the sale, exchange or other taxable disposition of shares of our common stock in an amount equal to the difference between the U.S. stockholder’s adjusted tax basis in the shares disposed of and the amount realized on their disposition. Generally, gain recognized by a U.S. stockholder on the disposition of shares of our common stock will result in capital gain or loss to a U.S. stockholder, and will be a long-term capital gain or loss if the shares have been held for more than one year at the time of sale. Any loss recognized by a U.S. stockholder upon the disposition of shares of our common stock held for six months or less will be treated as a long-term capital loss to the extent of any capital gain dividends received (including deemed capital gain dividends) by the U.S. stockholder. A loss recognized by a U.S. stockholder on a disposition of shares of our common stock will be disallowed as a deduction if the U.S. stockholder acquires additional shares of our common stock (whether through the automatic reinvestment of dividends or otherwise) within a 61-day period beginning 30 days before and ending 30 days after the date that the shares are disposed. In this case, the adjusted tax basis of the shares acquired will be adjusted to reflect the disallowed loss.
Tax Shelter Reporting Regulations.   Under applicable Treasury regulations, if a U.S. stockholder recognizes a loss with respect to shares of $2 million or more for a non-corporate U.S. stockholder or $10 million or more for a corporate U.S. stockholder in any single taxable year (or a greater loss over a combination of years), the U.S. stockholder must file with the IRS a disclosure statement on Form 8886. Direct U.S. stockholders of portfolio securities are in many cases excepted from this reporting requirement, but under current guidance, U.S. stockholders of a RIC are not excepted. Future guidance may extend the current exception from this reporting requirement to U.S. stockholders of most or all RICs. The fact that a loss is reportable under these regulations does not affect the legal determination of whether the taxpayer’s treatment of the loss is proper. U.S. stockholders should consult their own tax advisers to determine the applicability of these regulations in light of their individual circumstances.
Backup Withholding.   We may be required to withhold U.S. federal income tax, or backup withholding from all distributions to any non-corporate U.S. stockholder (1) who fails to furnish us with a correct taxpayer identification number or a certificate that such stockholder is exempt from backup withholding or (2) with respect to whom the IRS notifies us that such stockholder has failed to properly report certain interest and dividend income to the IRS and to respond to notices to that effect. An individual’s taxpayer identification number generally is his or her social security number. Backup withholding is not an additional tax. Any amounts withheld from payments made to you may be refunded or credited against your U.S. federal income tax liability, if any, provided that the required information is timely furnished to the IRS.
 
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Limitation on Deduction for Certain Expenses.   For any period that we do not qualify as a “publicly offered regulated investment company,” as defined in the Code, U.S. stockholders will be taxed as though they received a distribution of some of our expenses. A “publicly offered regulated investment company” is a RIC whose shares are either (i) continuously offered pursuant to a public offering, (ii) regularly traded on an established securities market or (iii) held by at least 500 persons at all times during the taxable year. We anticipate that we will not qualify as a publicly offered RIC immediately after this offering; we may qualify as a publicly offered RIC for future taxable years. If we are not a publicly offered RIC for any period, a non-corporate U.S. stockholder’s allocable portion of our affected expenses, including our management fees, will be treated as an additional distribution to the U.S. stockholder and will be deductible by such U.S. stockholder only to the extent permitted under the limitations described below. For non-corporate U.S. stockholders, including individuals, trusts, and estates, significant limitations generally apply to the deductibility of certain expenses of a non-publicly offered RIC, including advisory fees. In particular, these expenses, referred to as “miscellaneous itemized deductions,” are currently not deductible to an individual or other non-corporate U.S. stockholder (and beginning in 2026, will be deductible only to the extent they exceed 2% of such a U.S. stockholder’s adjusted gross income), and are not deductible for alternative minimum tax purposes.
U.S. Taxation of Tax-Exempt U.S. Stockholders.   A U.S. stockholder that is a tax-exempt organization for U.S. federal income tax purposes and therefore generally exempt from U.S. federal income taxation may nevertheless be subject to taxation to the extent that it is considered to derive unrelated business taxable income (“UBTI”). The direct conduct by a tax-exempt U.S. stockholder of the activities we propose to conduct could give rise to UBTI. However, a RIC is a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes and its business activities generally will not be attributed to its stockholders for purposes of determining their treatment under current law. Therefore, a tax-exempt U.S. stockholder generally should not be subject to U.S. taxation solely as a result of the U.S. stockholder’s ownership of shares of common stock and receipt of dividends with respect to such shares. Moreover, under current law, if we incur indebtedness, such indebtedness will not be attributed to a tax-exempt U.S. stockholder. Therefore, a tax-exempt U.S. stockholder should not be treated as earning income from “debt-financed property” and dividends we pay should not be treated as “unrelated debt-financed income” solely as a result of indebtedness that we incur. Proposals periodically are made to change the treatment of “blocker” investment vehicles interposed between tax-exempt investors and non-qualifying investments. In the event that any such proposals were to be adopted and applied to RICs, the treatment of dividends payable to tax- exempt investors could be adversely affected. In addition, special rules would apply if we were to invest in certain real estate investment trusts or other taxable mortgage pools, which we do not currently plan to do, that could result in a tax-exempt U.S. stockholder recognizing income that would be treated as UBTI.
Taxation of Non-U.S. Stockholders
The following discussion only applies to certain non-U.S. stockholders. Whether an investment in shares of our common stock is appropriate for a non-U.S. stockholder will depend upon that person’s particular circumstances. An investment in shares of our common stock by a non-U.S. stockholder may have adverse tax consequences. non-U.S. stockholders should consult their own tax advisers before investing in shares of our common stock.
Subject to the discussions below regarding backup withholding and FATCA (defined below), in general, non-U.S. stockholders that are not otherwise engaged in a U.S. trade or business will not be subject to U.S. federal income on distributions paid by us. However, distributions of our “investment company taxable income” generally are subject to withholding of U.S. federal tax at a 30% rate (or lower rate provided by an applicable treaty) to the extent of our current or accumulated earnings and profits unless an applicable exception applies. If the distributions are effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business of the non-U.S. stockholder (and, if a treaty applies, are attributable to a U.S. permanent establishment of the non-U.S. stockholder), we will not be required to withhold U.S. federal tax if the non-U.S. stockholder complies with applicable certification and disclosure requirements, although the distributions will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at the rates applicable to U.S. persons. Special certification requirements apply to a non-U.S. stockholder that is a foreign partnership or a foreign trust, and such entities are urged to consult their own tax advisers.
 
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However, no withholding is required with respect to certain distributions if (i) the distributions are properly reported to our non-U.S. stockholders as “interest-related dividends” or “short-term capital gain dividends,” ​(ii) the distributions are derived from sources specified in the Code for such dividends and (iii) certain other requirements are satisfied. Currently, we do not anticipate that any significant amount of our distributions would be reported as eligible for this exemption from withholding. No assurance can be provided that any of our distributions will qualify for this exemption.
Subject to the discussions below regarding backup withholding and FATCA (defined below), actual or deemed distributions of our net capital gains to a non-U.S. stockholder if properly reported by us as capital gain dividends, and gains realized by a non-U.S. stockholder upon the sale or redemption of our common stock, will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax unless the distributions or gains, as the case may be, are effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business of the non-U.S. stockholder (and, if an income tax treaty applies, are attributable to a permanent establishment maintained by the non-U.S. stockholder in the United States) or, in the case of an individual, the non-U.S. stockholder was present in the United States for 183 days or more during the taxable year and certain other conditions are met.
If we distribute our net capital gains in the form of deemed rather than actual distributions, a non-U.S. stockholder will be entitled to a U.S. federal income tax credit or tax refund equal to the non-U.S. stockholder’s allocable share of the U.S. federal income tax we pay on the capital gains deemed to have been distributed; however, in order to obtain the refund, the non-U.S. stockholder may be required to obtain a U.S. taxpayer identification number and file a U.S. federal income tax return even if the non-U.S. stockholder would not otherwise be required to obtain a U.S. taxpayer identification number or file a U.S. federal income tax return.
If any actual or deemed distributions of our net capital gains, or any gains realized upon the sale or redemption of our common stock, are effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business of the non-U.S. stockholder (and, if an income tax treaty applies, are attributable to a U.S. permanent establishment maintained by the non-U.S. stockholder), such amounts will be subject to U.S. income tax, on a net income basis, in the same manner, and at the graduated rates applicable to, a U.S. stockholder. For a corporate non-U.S. stockholder, the after-tax amount of distributions (both actual and deemed) and gains realized upon the sale or redemption of our common stock that are effectively connected to a U.S. trade or business (and, if a treaty applies, are attributable to a U.S. permanent establishment), may, under certain circumstances, be subject to an additional “branch profits tax” at a 30% rate (or at a lower rate if provided for by an applicable treaty). Accordingly, investment in shares of our common stock may not be appropriate for certain non-U.S. stockholders.
Non-U.S. stockholders will not generally be subject to U.S. federal income or withholding tax with respect to gain recognized on the sale or other disposition of shares of our common stock.
Under the dividend reinvestment plan, our non-U.S. stockholders who have not “opted out” of our dividend reinvestment plan will have their cash distributions automatically reinvested in additional shares of our common stock, rather than receiving the cash distributions. If the distribution is a distribution of our investment company taxable income and is not properly reported by us as a short-term capital gains dividend or interest-related dividend, the amount distributed (to the extent of our current and accumulated earnings and profits) will be subject to U.S. federal withholding tax as described above and only the net after-tax amount will be reinvested in our common stock. If the distribution is effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business of the non-U.S. stockholder (and, if a treaty applies, is attributable to a U.S. permanent establishment), generally the full amount of the distribution will be reinvested in the plan and will nevertheless be subject to U.S. federal income tax at the ordinary income rates applicable to U.S. persons. The non-U.S. stockholder will have an adjusted tax basis in the additional common stock purchased through the plan equal to the amount reinvested. The additional shares will have a new holding period commencing on the day following the day on which the shares are credited to the non-U.S. stockholder’s account.
Non-U.S. persons should consult their own tax advisers with respect to the U.S. federal income tax and withholding tax, and state, local and foreign tax consequences of an investment in the shares.
If we were unable to qualify for treatment as a RIC, any distributions by us would be treated as dividends to the extent of our current and accumulated earnings and profits. We would not be eligible to report any such dividends as interest-related dividends, short-term capital gain dividends, or capital gain dividends. As a result,
 
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any such dividend paid to a non-U.S. stockholder that is not effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business of the non-U.S. stockholder (and, if an income tax treaty applies, attributable to a permanent establishment maintained by the non-U.S. stockholder in the United States) would be subject to the 30% (or reduced applicable treaty rate) U.S. withholding tax discussed above regardless of the source of the income giving rise to such distribution. Distributions in excess of our current and accumulated earnings and profits would be treated first as a return of capital to the extent of the non-U.S. stockholder’s adjusted tax basis, and any remaining distributions would be treated as a gain from the sale of the non-U.S. stockholder’s shares subject to taxation as discussed above. For the consequences to the Company for failing to qualify as a RIC, see “—Failure to Qualify as a RIC” above.
A non-U.S. stockholder who is a non-resident alien individual, and who is otherwise subject to U.S. federal withholding tax, may be subject to information reporting and backup withholding of U.S. federal income tax on distributions unless the non-U.S. stockholder provides us or the dividend paying agent with an IRS Form W-8BEN (or an acceptable substitute form) establishing that it is a non-U.S. stockholder or otherwise establishes an exemption from backup withholding.
Amounts withheld under the backup withholding rules are not additional taxes and may be refunded or credited against a U.S. stockholder’s or non-U.S. stockholder’s U.S. federal income tax liability, if any, provided the required information is timely furnished to the IRS.
Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act
Legislation commonly referred to as the “Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act,” or “FATCA,” generally imposes a 30% withholding tax on payments of certain types of income to foreign financial institutions (“FFIs”) unless such FFIs either: (i) enter into an agreement with the U.S. Treasury to report certain required information with respect to accounts held by certain specified U.S. persons (or held by foreign entities that have certain specified U.S. persons as substantial owners) or (ii) reside in a jurisdiction that has entered into an intergovernmental agreement (“IGA”) with the United States to collect and share such information and are in compliance with the terms of such IGA and any enabling legislation or regulations. The types of income subject to the tax include U.S. source interest and dividends. While the Code would also require withholding on payments of the gross proceeds from the sale of any property that could produce U.S. source interest or dividends, the U.S. Treasury Department has indicated its intent to eliminate this requirement in subsequent proposed regulations, which state that taxpayers may rely on the proposed regulations until final regulations are issued. The information required to be reported includes the identity and taxpayer identification number of each account holder that is a specified U.S. person and transaction activity within the holder’s account. In addition, subject to certain exceptions, FATCA also imposes a 30% withholding on certain payments to certain foreign entities that are not FFIs unless such foreign entities certify that they do not have a greater than 10% owner that is a specified U.S. person or provide the withholding agent with identifying information on each greater than 10% owner that is a specified U.S. person. Depending on the status of a beneficial owner and the status of the intermediaries through which they hold their shares, beneficial owners of our common stock could be subject to this 30% withholding tax with respect to distributions on their shares of our common stock. Under certain circumstances, a beneficial owner might be eligible for refunds or credits of such taxes.
 
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DESCRIPTION OF OUR SECURITIES
This prospectus contains a summary of our common stock, preferred stock, subscription rights, debt securities and warrants. These summaries are not meant to be a complete description of each security. However, this prospectus and the accompanying prospectus supplement will describe the material terms and conditions for each security.
DESCRIPTION OF OUR CAPITAL STOCK
The following description is based on relevant portions of the Maryland General Corporation Law (the “MGCL”) and on our certificate of incorporation and bylaws. This summary is not necessarily complete, and we refer you to the MGCL and our charter and bylaws for a more detailed description of the provisions summarized below.
General
Under the terms of our charter, our authorized stock consists of 100 million shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, all of which are initially designated as common stock. As permitted by the MGCL, our charter provides that a majority of the entire Board, without any action by our shareholders, may amend the charter from time to time to increase or decrease the aggregate number of shares of stock or the number of shares of stock of any class or series that we have authority to issue. Our charter also provides that the Board may classify or reclassify any unissued shares of our common stock into one or more classes or series of common stock or preferred stock by setting or changing the preferences, conversion or other rights, voting powers, restrictions, or limitations as to dividends, qualifications, or terms or conditions of redemption of the shares. Unless the Board determines otherwise, we will issue all shares of our stock in uncertificated form.
None of our shares of common stock are subject to further calls or to assessments, sinking fund provisions, obligations or potential liabilities associated with ownership of the security (not including investment risks).
The following presents our outstanding classes of securities as of January 12, 2022:
Title of Class
Amount
Authorized
Amount Held by
Us or for Our
Account
Amount
Outstanding
Exclusive of Amount
Held by Us or for
Our Account
Common Stock
100,000,000 41,380,614
Common Stock
All shares of our common stock have equal rights as to earnings, assets, voting, and dividends and, when they are issued, will be duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable. Distributions may be paid to the holders of our common stock if, as and when authorized by our Board and declared by us out of assets legally available therefor. Shares of our common stock have no preemptive, conversion or redemption rights and are freely transferable, except where their transfer is restricted by federal and state securities laws or by contract. In the event of our liquidation, dissolution or winding up, each share of our common stock would be entitled to share ratably in all of our assets that are legally available for distribution after we pay all debts and other liabilities and subject to any preferential rights of holders of our preferred stock, if any preferred stock is outstanding at such time. Each share of our common stock is entitled to one vote on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders, including the election of directors. Except as provided with respect to any other class or series of stock, the holders of our common stock will possess exclusive voting power. There is no cumulative voting in the election of directors, which means that holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of common stock can elect all of our directors, and holders of less than a majority of such shares will be unable to elect any director.
Preferred Stock
Under the terms of our charter, the Board may authorize us to issue shares of preferred stock in one or more classes or series, without shareholder approval, to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act. The Board has
 
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the power to fix the preferences, conversion and other rights, voting powers, restrictions, limitations as to dividends and other distributions, qualifications and terms and conditions of redemption of each class or series of preferred stock. We do not currently anticipate issuing preferred stock in the near future. In the event we issue preferred stock, we will make any required disclosure to shareholders. We will not offer preferred stock to the Adviser or our affiliates except on the same terms as offered to all other shareholders.
Preferred stock could be issued with terms that would adversely affect our shareholders. Preferred stock could also be used as an anti-takeover device through the issuance of shares of a class or series of preferred stock with terms and conditions which could have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a transaction or a change in control. Every issuance of preferred stock will be required to comply with the requirements of the 1940 Act. The 1940 Act requires, among other things, that: (1) immediately after issuance and before any dividend or other distribution is made with respect to common stock and before any purchase of common stock is made, such preferred stock together with all other senior securities must not exceed an amount equal to 50% of our total assets after deducting the amount of such dividend, distribution or purchase price, as the case may be, and (2) the holders of shares of preferred stock, if any are issued, must be entitled as a class voting separately to elect two directors at all times and to elect a majority of the directors if distributions on such preferred stock are in arrears by two full years or more. Certain matters under the 1940 Act require the affirmative vote of the holders of at least a majority of the outstanding shares of preferred stock (as determined in accordance with the 1940 Act) voting together as a separate class. For example, the vote of such holders of preferred stock would be required to approve a proposal involving a plan of reorganization adversely affecting such securities.
The issuance of any preferred stock must be approved by a majority of the independent directors not otherwise interested in the transaction, who will have access, at our expense, to our legal counsel or to independent legal counsel.
Limitation on Liability of Directors and Officers; Indemnification and Advance of Expenses
Maryland law permits a Maryland corporation to include in its charter a provision limiting the liability of its directors and officers to the corporation and its stockholders for money damages except for liability resulting from (a) actual receipt of an improper benefit or profit in money, property or services or (b) active and deliberate dishonesty established by a final judgment as being material to the cause of action. Our charter contains such a provision which eliminates directors’ and officers’ liability to the maximum extent permitted by Maryland law, subject to the requirements of the 1940 Act.
Our charter authorizes us, to the maximum extent permitted by Maryland law and subject to the requirements of the 1940 Act, to indemnify any present or former director or officer or any individual who, while serving as our director or officer and at our request, serves or has served another corporation, real estate investment trust, limited liability company, partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan or other enterprise as a director, officer, partner, trustee, member or manager from and against any claim or liability to which that person may become subject or which that person may incur by reason of his or her service in any such capacity and to pay or reimburse their reasonable expenses in advance of final disposition of a proceeding. Our bylaws obligate us, to the maximum extent permitted by Maryland law and subject to the requirements of the 1940 Act, to indemnify any present or former director or officer or any individual who, while serving as our director or officer and at our request, serves or has served another corporation, real estate investment trust, limited liability company, partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan or other enterprise as a director, officer, partner, trustee, member or manager and who is made, or threatened to be made, a party to the proceeding by reason of his or her service in that capacity from and against any claim or liability to which that person may become subject or which that person may incur by reason of his or her service in any such capacity and to pay or reimburse his or her reasonable expenses in advance of final disposition of a proceeding. The charter and bylaws also permit us to indemnify and advance expenses to any person who served a predecessor of us in any of the capacities described above and any of our employees or agents or any employees or agents of our predecessor. In accordance with the 1940 Act, we will not indemnify any person for any liability to which such person would be subject by reason of such person’s willful misfeasance, bad faith, gross negligence or reckless disregard of the duties involved in the conduct of his or her office.